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Saranac IV AO-74 - History

Saranac IV AO-74 - History



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Saranac IV

(AO-74: dp. 21,880, 1. 523'6", b. 68', dr. 30', s. 15.k., cpl. 257, a. 1 5", 4 3", 8 40mm., 8 20mm., 2 dcp.c l. Suamico, T. T2-SE-A1)

The fourth Saranac was laid down under Maritime Commission contract (MC hull 337) on 27 August 1942 as Cowpens by Sun Shipbuilding and DryDock Co., Chester, Pa.; launched on 21 December 1942, sponsored by Mrs. A. Poestrak, renamed Saranac on 16 September 1942; acquired by the Navy on 31 December 1942; and commissioned on 22 February 1943, Comdr. John G. Cross in command.

After shakedown along the Atlantic coast, Saranac sailed from Norfolk for Aruba on 20 April 1943. There, she took on fuel and proceeded to the Pacific arriving at Pearl Harbor on 26 May. Sailing two days later, she underwent repairs at San Francisco from 5 to 19 June and departed on the 23d for the Aleutians. After arriving at Adak on the 30th, she serviced ships underway and in port, from 9 July until departing on the 14th to reload at San Pedro, Calif. She then returned to the Aleutians and fueled ships at anchor in Kulak Bay from 4 to 16 August. Between 30 August and 12 October, she made one voyage transporting oil from San Pedro to tanks ashore at Tutuila, Samoa, and at Espiritu Santo.

Saranac then began replenishment operations in support of the Navy's advance in the central Pacific. She left Pearl Harbor on 25 November and fueled fleet units at Espiritu Santo from 13 to 21 December. With an underway replenishment group, she refueled units of a fast carrier force headed by Bunker Hill (CV-17) on 27 December. She then resumed in-port fueling operations based on Port Purvis and Eniwetok until departing the latter on 12 January 1944 for overhaul at San Pedro, Calif.

Underway again from the west coast on 4 March Saranac arrived at Majuro on the 21st. She operated there for almost three months, fueling ships in port, sortieing three times as a unit of an underway replenishment group to refuel fast carrier forces at sea, and making a fast run to Pearl Harbor in April to refill her tanks. On her third underway refueling assignment, her luck ran out as her group was located on 18 June by Japanese aircraft searching for escort carriers in the vicinity, and all three oilers were hit. Saranac's after superstructure and her fire room were badly damaged and she lost nine men, seven killed and two missing. She was underway, under her own power early the next morning, and, after emergency repairs at Eniwetok, she arrived at San Pedro, Calif., on 18 July for permanent repairs.

Saranac departed San Pedro on 6 September and joined an underway replenishment group at Purvis Bay, on arrival, on the 28th. After three sorties from that port to fuel fleet units, she shifted her base to Kossol Roads, Palau, on 19 October in preparation for the Leyte assault. She departed the next day and fueled ships in the transport anchorage off Leyte from 23 to 27 October. Returning to Kossol Roads on the 30th, she sailed the next day for Hollandia, where she arrived on 4 November. After fueling numerous ships in port there, she departed Hollandia on 5 December. The oiler suffered a turbine casualty the next day and put into Manus for repairs, which lasted until 21 December. She then returned to Humboldt Bay, but left on the 28th for permanent engine repairs at Pearl Harbor. Her overhaul there lasted from 13 January to 9 March 1945.

Back at Ulithi on 23 March, Saranac resumed fueling fleet units there until getting underway on 1 April to support the invasion of Okinawa. While the troops ashore fought to secure the island and fleet units battled kamikazes offshore, Saranac carried out underway replenishment off the island as part of the logistics support group, until getting underway on 12 April to refill her tanks at Ulithi. She rejoined the underway replenishment forces off Okinawa on 22 April and provided continuous services until sailing once again for Ulithi on 8 June. On her return to Okinawa on 3 July, she anchored at Kerama Retto and provided fuel to ships there. She continued this duty for the next three months, leaving the area only to return to Ulithi for more fuel and to ride out typhoons off Okinawa.

The oiler departed Okinawa on 5 October bound for Shanghai, China, where she provided fuel to United States ships operating off China after the Japanese surrender. She left for Yokosuka on 21 December 1945 and, on 3 January 1946, sailed for Pearl Harbor. She returned to Yokohama on 20 February and Shanghai on 27 February, but, on 4 March, steamed from that port for the United States and arrived at San Francisco on 21 March.

Saranac was then selected for conversion to a floating power plant to support dredging operations at Guam. At Alameda, Calif., she was stripped of all military equipment not required for the passage to Guam and fitted with power regulators and transformers. The ship sailed for Guam on 18 June 1948 and decommissioned there on 19 July, soon after arrival. After continuous use as a power facility, she commenced overhaul at the Ship Repair Facility, Guam, on 24 May 1951. She was loaned to the Army on 25 August 1951, and departed Guam on 26 October under tow to Inchon, Korea, where she provided power to Army installations ashore. The ship was returned to Navy custody on 15 October 1953, reclassified YFP-9 on 1 September 1954, and struck from the Navy list on 26 March 1956. She was sold to Hugo Neu Corporation New York, on 4 December 1957 for use as a power facility abroad by the International Steel and Metal Corporation.

Saranac received 5 battle stars for her World War II service.


Sturgeon

Sturgeon is the common name for the 27 species of fish belonging to the family Acipenseridae. The earliest sturgeon fossils date to the Late Cretaceous, and are descended from other, earlier acipenseriform fish who date back to the Triassic period some 245 to 208 million years ago. [2] The family is grouped into four genera: Acipenser, Huso, Scaphirhynchus and Pseudoscaphirhynchus. Two species (A. naccarii and A. dabryanus) may be extinct in the wild, and one (P. fedtschenkoi) may be entirely extinct. [3] Two closely related species, Polyodon spathula (American paddlefish) and Psephurus gladius (Chinese paddlefish, possibly extinct) are of the same order, Acipenseriformes, but are in the family Polyodontidae and are not considered to be "true" sturgeons. Both sturgeons and paddlefish have been referred to as "primitive fishes" because their morphological characteristics have remained relatively unchanged since the earliest fossil record. [4] [5] Sturgeons are native to subtropical, temperate and sub-Arctic rivers, lakes and coastlines of Eurasia and North America. [6]

See text for genera and species.

  • fish portal

Sturgeons are long-lived, late-maturing fishes with distinctive characteristics, such as a heterocercal caudal fin similar to those of sharks, and an elongated, spindle-like body that is smooth-skinned, scaleless, and armored with five lateral rows of bony plates called scutes. Several species can grow quite large, typically ranging 7–12 ft (2– 3 + 1 ⁄ 2 m) in length. The largest sturgeon on record was a beluga female captured in the Volga estuary in 1827, measuring 7.2 m (24 ft) long and weighing 1,571 kg (3,463 lb). Most sturgeons are anadromous bottom-feeders, which migrate upstream to spawn, but spend most of their lives feeding in river deltas and estuaries. Some species inhabit freshwater environments exclusively, while others primarily inhabit marine environments near coastal areas, and are known to venture into open ocean.

Several species of sturgeon are harvested for their roe, which is processed into the luxury food caviar. This has led to serious overexploitation, which combined with other conservation threats, has brought most of the species to critically endangered status, at the edge of extinction.


Luxury on the Lake

Dramatically set on the shores of Seneca Lake in the heart of Finger Lakes Wine Country, Watkins Glen Harbor Hotel welcomes you with unmatched style and comfort. Our award-winning, AAA Four Diamond property features generously sized deluxe guestrooms and suites, an array of thoughtful touches morning &lsquotil night, and top-notch service to enhance every moment of your stay. Relax as you enjoy the spectacular, landscaped grounds where a firepit beckons against the backdrop of the serene shoreline beyond.

A storied destination awash in natural beauty, New York's Finger Lakes Region is renowned for its award-winning wineries and a variety of things to see and do year round. Located in the center of it all in the village of Watkins Glen, our hotel offers the perfect vantage point from which to explore wine trails, craft breweries, distilleries, historic attractions, watersports, outdoor adventure, and more. Hike past waterfalls at Watkins Glen State Park. Enjoy the thrill of road racing at the legendary Watkins Glen International. And this is just the beginning. Whatever your pleasure, our concierge will be pleased to help you plan a fun-filled vacation getaway.


Electrocardiograms are painless. Here's how an EKG is performed:

  • Small electrodes (round plastic discs the size of a half dollar) are placed on your chest. Wires run from the electrodes to the EKG machine.
  • The EKG machine then records your heart's rhythm, frequency of beats and electrical conduction.
  • Whether you've had a heart attack
  • If the left ventricle is thickened (enlarged heart muscle wall)
  • If the heart rhythm is abnormal (noting any arrhythmias such as atrial fibrillation, or AFib)

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Differential diagnoses

Differential diagnoses to consider include:

  • Alternative fractures such as pubic ramus fractures, acetabular fractures, femoral head and femoral shaft fractures
  • Slipped capital femoral epiphysis (intermittent pain for months, pain worsens on activity)
  • Dislocated hip
  • Femoral head avascular necrosis
  • Tendonitis of any of the muscles of the hip
  • Hip bursitis
  • Osteomyelitis (fever, chills, and swelling or redness in the area)

Differential Diagnosis

Acute scrotum is defined as a sudden painful swelling of the scrotum or its contents, accompanied by local signs or systemic symptoms.16 In a patient presenting with acute scrotum, it is imperative to rule out testicular torsion, which is a true surgical emergency.16 – 22 A high index of suspicion on the part of the physician is needed children in particular may not promptly or accurately recall or describe symptom severity and duration.

The differential diagnosis of the acute scrotum is broad (Table 1 23 ) , and the proportion of patients presenting with each of these conditions varies. Although most patients will not require emergent intervention, a significant minority will have testicular torsion, and prompt identification and institution of therapy are crucial.24 – 26 Most patients do not present for evaluation immediately upon onset of symptoms, further limiting the therapeutic window for testicular salvage.

Differential Diagnosis of the Acute Scrotum

Altered genitourinary structure or function

Tenderness in testicle or epididymis

Abnormal laboratory values

Diffusely hard testicle (in leukemia or lymphoma)

History of hematologic disorders

No signs or symptoms of infection

Swelling of overlying scrotal skin

Altered genitourinary anatomy

Epididymal or testicular tenderness

Inguinal hernia or hydrocele

Fluctuation of swelling or mass throughout day or with activity

Torsion of the appendix testicle or appendix epididymis

Blue dot sign Tenderness over the head of the testicle or epididymis

Torsion of the spermatic cord

Absent or decreased blood flow on ultrasonography

History of trauma or mechanism of injury

Elevated tumor markers or abnormal

Hard mass within testicle

Systemic symptoms (if metastatic)

Fluctuation of swelling or pain throughout day or with activity

Information from reference 23.

Differential Diagnosis of the Acute Scrotum

Altered genitourinary structure or function

Tenderness in testicle or epididymis

Abnormal laboratory values

Diffusely hard testicle (in leukemia or lymphoma)

History of hematologic disorders

No signs or symptoms of infection

Swelling of overlying scrotal skin

Altered genitourinary anatomy

Epididymal or testicular tenderness

Inguinal hernia or hydrocele

Fluctuation of swelling or mass throughout day or with activity

Torsion of the appendix testicle or appendix epididymis

Blue dot sign Tenderness over the head of the testicle or epididymis

Torsion of the spermatic cord

Absent or decreased blood flow on ultrasonography

History of trauma or mechanism of injury

Elevated tumor markers or abnormal

Hard mass within testicle

Systemic symptoms (if metastatic)

Fluctuation of swelling or pain throughout day or with activity

Information from reference 23.


Saranac IV AO-74 - History

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Saranac IV AO-74 - History

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The Analects of Confucius Summary

The Analects of Confucius is an anthology of brief passages that present the words of Confucius and his disciples, describe Confucius as a man, and recount some of the events of his life. The Analects includes twenty books, each generally featuring a series of chapters that encompass quotes from Confucius, which were compiled by his disciples after his death.

Book I serves as a general introduction to the various disciples in the work. Book II deals largely with issues of governance. Books III and IV are seen as the core texts, outlining Confucius's ideology. Much of the work concerns itself with the concept of the Tao or the Way, the chun-tzu or the gentleman, Li or ritual, Te or virtue, and Jen or goodness. There are additional terms in the work, but these comprise the core concepts. Taken together they form the backbone of Confucian ideals.

The Tao, or the Way, refers to a literal path or road. In the context of the work it refers to the manner in which anything is done a method or doctrine. Confucius speaks often about the Tao under Heaven, meaning a good way or path to achieving morally superior ends. This could include self-conduct or how a kingdom is ruled.

Jen is most often translated as "goodness" or "humanity". The gentleman, or chunt-tzu, possesses this quality. Its translation is a bit difficult to represent exactly in English, but the text provides a good deal of context when discussing the gentleman and goodness. It is helpful not to simply think of the term as meaning "goodness" but also to see how its juxtaposition with the other terms forms a greater picture of how Confucius defined goodness and other positive human qualities. For example, words like "altruistic" or "humane" are useful in understanding this term.

Te corresponds most closely to the word "virtue", although you may encounter some disagreement among scholars regarding this translation. A better definition, some scholars say, is to think of it as "character" or "prestige", an attribute that would have been desirable in a human being.

The gentleman or chun-tzu is the central term in The Analects and the other terms are generally used in reference to this persona. For this reason it is difficult to summarize the gentleman easily, but considering the term in the light of the other ideas in the text is helpful. The gentleman is one who follows the Way and acts according to a system of morals and beliefs that are not common amongst other individuals. The use of the term "gentleman" to describe the chun-tzu is itself problematic, as it can conjure images related to an aristocratic existence. Some scholars see a similarity between the term and Nietzsche's concept of the Ubermensch, although there is dispute over this idea as well. A "superior man" is another suggested translation of the term. Taken in consideration with the other terms presented, a more complete concept of the chun-tzu emerges.

Li, or ritual, is another core concept in the text. Although the work does not go into great detail on what ritual traditions actually entailed, their importance is presented as paramount in the cultivation of te and an understanding of the Tao. The general principles of conduct comprise much of what this term encompasses. Here, moral initiatives outweigh pure historical knowledge. In other words, practicing what we might call good manners and conducting oneself in a moral and fair affectation were considered characteristic of a gentleman. An appropriate attitude was also necessary: one of reverence and respect for one's elders and for rites and cultural norms that had been handed down by past generations.

Also important to consider in reading The Analects is the historical context in which Confucius lived and the events that surrounded his struggle to spread his doctrine. During the Sixth century, powerful warlords and families gained control of the state of Lu, gradually undermining and marginalizing the ducal house. Consequently, the normal structure and function of government and social rituals were altered, much to the dismay of Confucius. Confucius sought a revival of the Chou traditions that once had been the norm in Lu. He saw these ways as legitimately bettering society. The term li fits best in understanding the Chou traditions that Confucius so eagerly wished to reinstate.

Eventually, Confucius and his disciples sought an audience with various leaders in Lu to help bring these traditions back. Confucius's plan failed, however, and he left Lu after becoming convinced that the sort of rulers he needed to enlist to his side were not present there. So began a long period of traveling around to neighboring states seeking out such a ruler. Some of this period is captured in the text. Confucius eventually returned to Lu upon the invitation of Jan Ch'iu and lived out his days teaching young men about the Chou traditions. However, he was not able to set up a state based on the teachings he held so dear.

The structure of The Analects can make it a difficult work to comprehend. On first reading, the passages can appear to be quite haphazard in their arrangement. From an academic standpoint there is more disagreement than agreement over how best to translate and represent the text for a modern reading audience.


Watch the video: This Was Heaven, Really - Historic Saranac Lake (August 2022).