The story

Audomar of Thérouanne & Dagobert I

Audomar of Thérouanne & Dagobert I


We are searching data for your request:

Forums and discussions:
Manuals and reference books:
Data from registers:
Wait the end of the search in all databases.
Upon completion, a link will appear to access the found materials.


Historie

Grundlæggelse

I den første halvdel af det 7. århundrede blev Audomar (også kaldet Otmar , fransk Omer ) udnævnt til biskop af Tarvanna (også Teruana, i dag Thérouanne ), den romerske Colonia Morinorum , af kong Dagobert . Audomar sendte sandsynligvis munkene Mummolinus, Bertinus og Ebertramnus ("Bertram") til det sumpede område nord for bispebyen for at forkynde befolkningen for at bygge et kloster der. Sådan blev Vetus monasterium ("det gamle kloster", i dag St-Momelin ) , ledet af Mummolinus, til . Stedet var dog for sumpet, og Audomar overtalte den lokale frankiske grundejer Adroald, der for nylig var blevet konverteret til kristendom , til at give ham den 21 meter høje Sithiu- bakke direkte ved bredden af Aa til opførelsen af ​​det nye kloster. . Der byggede munkene klosteret "Sithiu".

Abbed Bertinus

Bertinus fungerede efter Mummolinus, der blev udnævnt til biskop i Noyon som efterfølger til Eligius omkring 660 , som den første abbed for det nye fundament. Han ledede klosteret med succes og opkaldte det efter sin lærer Audomarus, initiativtager til etableringen. Begge kom tilsyneladende fra samme fødested i det, der nu er Normandiet . Biskop Audomar døde i Sithiu omkring 670 og blev snart betragtet som en helgen .

Hvordan Audomar og de andre missionærer Bertinus var gennem sin uddannelse i den af ​​den irske Columbanus, der blev grundlagt († 615) Luxeuil Abbey fra iroschottischen monasticism, skabte. Livsstilen for munke i Sithiu blev sandsynligvis bestemt af en blandet regel fra benediktiner og colombaner , som kombinerede irske skotske og romerske elementer. Bertin blev senere betragtet som "apostlen" i dagens Pas-de-Calais-afdeling og blev æret som en helgen allerede i 745. Klosteret fik sit navn fra omkring 1100, mens stedet omkring klosteret blev opkaldt efter Audomar og hedder stadig Saint-Omer i dag . Byen voksede hurtigt og havde i begyndelsen af ​​det 14. århundrede allerede omkring 40.000 indbyggere.

Tidlig uafhængighed

Audomar gav sine ansatte omfattende frihed og lagde grundlaget for at klosteret var uafhængigt. Allerede blind underskrev han et dokument i 663, hvormed han trak Sithiu-klostrets ejendom fra biskopens rådighed, dvs. sin egen, og befri munkene fra deres disciplinære overherredømme. I 691 bekræftede kong Clovis III. klosteret på sin side har også immunitet. Den fritagelse af klostrene fra magten i biskoppelige autoritet var et omstridt emne inden for kirken i det 8. og 9. århundrede.

Forbindelse til den frankiske adel

Fra 737, dødsåret for kong Theuderic IV. , Merovingian Childeric III. holdt fanget i Saint-Bertin som arving til Karl Martells trone , bragt tilbage til regeringen i 743 af sin søn Karlmann , afsat igen i 751 af Pippin den Yngre og igen bragt til Saint-Bertin, denne gang som munk. I de efterfølgende år forblev klostret meget tæt knyttet til de førende aristokratiske kredse i det frankiske imperium , såsom biskop Folcuin von Thérouanne , et barnebarn af Karl Martell.

Aktiviteten af abbeden Fridugis , som var en højtstående rådgiver for Ludvig den Fromme , beskriver krønikeskriver Folcuin von Lobbes (en slægtning til den ældre Folcuin von Thérouanne) , der selv kom fra høj frankiske adel, i det 10. århundrede anderledes end arbejdet hos de efterfølgende abbed Hugo og Hilduin ekstremt negativt. Uanset i hvilket omfang Folcuins påstande er korrekte eller baseret på uhistoriske fremskrivninger, var der negative minder om Fridugis, der blev dyrket i hans tid, hvilket sandsynligvis afspejler tidlige konflikter mellem de (da normalt æglæggende ) munke og den præstegruppe af kanoner, der deltog i Marienkirche, som støder op til klosteret og angiveligt blev foretrukket af Fridugis.

Den senere katedral i Saint-Omer udviklede sig fra St. Mary's Church, som blev doneret af den stiftende biskop Audomar, og som også husede hans gravplads . Deres konkurrencemæssige situation med klosteret forblev formativ i den senere middelalder og førte til adskillige tvister, som især ofte vedrørte opholdsstedet og opbevaringen af ​​Adomars knogler.

Klosteret var et vigtigt centrum for angelsaksisk bogbelysning allerede i det 8. århundrede . I det 12. århundrede blev det taget til fange af reformen Cluniac og indarbejdet i den Kongregationen for Cluny .

Litteraturcenter

Saint-Bertin var et vigtigt centrum for monastisk historiografi. De Annals of St. Bertin er en vigtig kilde til historien om det 9. århundrede: den Slaget ved Brissarthe (866), den første omtale af byen Montreuil (898), historien om Rus mv er beskrevet her. Disse annaler får deres navn fra det ældste overlevende manuskript af værket fra klosteret. Det blev imidlertid hverken skrevet af en munk fra St. Bertin, og det fortæller heller ikke klostrets historie.

I det 10. århundrede blev Gesta Abbatum Sithiensium des Folcuin oprettet , som beskriver livet og arbejdet hos de første abbed i Sithiu.

I det 14. århundrede arbejdede kronikeren Johannes Longus fra Ypres (kaldet Iperius eller Yperius , † 1383) i klosteret, hvis klosters historie, baseret på gamle kilder ( Chronicon Bertinianum seu Sithiense ), også inkluderer talrige andre vigtige traditioner fra Flanderners historie samlet. Skrivestilen peger fra middelalderlige kronikker til de lærte historier og kompileringer fra den tidlige renæssance.

Af klosteret Antoine de Berghes til et større litterært centrum for renæssancens humanisme .

Annullering og genbrug

Med begyndelsen af ​​den franske revolution blev klostrets liv forkortet, og Saint-Bertin Abbey blev afskaffet den 16. august 1791. Knoglerne fra klostrets grundlægger og bypatron, for hvis besiddelse der havde været tvister mellem klosteret og byens katedralkapitel i flere århundreder siden middelalderen , gik tabt under revolutionen, fordi hans helligdom blev bragt fra katedralen Saint -Omer til Paris, og der blev smeltet ned. Efter Napoleons fald blev stenene fra klosterbygningerne, der eksisterede på det tidspunkt og blev bygget mellem 1250 og 1520, brugt som materiale til offentlige bygninger i Arras . I 1830 blev komplekset revet ned af kommunen.

I det 19. århundrede var der et kollegium på stedet for klosteret, hvor blandt andet den senere franske general og statsoverhoved for Vichy-France Philippe Pétain fik sin uddannelse fra 1867, før han flyttede til militærakademiet i Saint- Cyr i 1876 .

I ruinerne af klosteret i byområdet Saint-Omer er der nu en tilgængelig labyrint .


Audomar of Thérouanne & Dagobert I - History

Święty biskup i wyznawca (ok. 595-670).

Przyszły święty urodził się około roku 595 w Guldindal (lub Goldenthal), położonym niedaleko Konstancji, w pobożnej rodzinie Friulpha i Domitty. Po śmierci matki, około 615 roku , młodzieniec postanowił wyrzec się świata i zostać mnichem. Do tego pomysłu przekonał również swego ojca, który sprzedał cały majątek, a pieniądze rozdali biednym.

Udali się do benedyktyńskiego klasztoru w burgundzkim Luxeuil, założonego przez św. Kolumbana Młodszego. Tam zostali przyjęci przez drugiego opata Luxeuil św. Eustachego. Młody mnich Audomar okazał się bardzo pobożny, żywił szczególne nabożeństwo do Męki Pańskiej. Poddawał się licznym postom i umartwieniom, spędzając wiele godzin na modlitwie i czuwaniu przed Najświętszym Sakramentem.

Król Franków Dagobert I słysząc wiele pochlebnych opinii o benedyktyńskim mnichu Audomarze, za zgodą władz kościelnych, mianował go około 639 roku biskupem Therouanne. Ta nowopowstała diecezja była terenem zamieszkałym przez pogańskie plemię Morynów. Św. Eustachy przydzielił Audomarowi do pomocy kilku mnichów, wśród nich było trzech jego uczniów: św. Berin, św. Mommolin i św. Bertrand. W krótkim czasie udało im się doprowadzić do nawrócenia licznych rzesz, między innymi potężnego Adroalda, który podarował mnichom wielkie tereny ziemskie położone w okolicy Sithiu (później Saint-Omer).

Już około roku 654 św. Audomar wybudował tu opactwo św. Piotra (potem zmieniono nazwę na św. Bertina, drugiego opata i ucznia św. Audomara). Liczba kandydatów do stanu duchownego tak szybko rosła, że wkrótce święty mógł ufundować kolejne klasztory.

Na kilka lat przed śmiercią św. Audomar stracił wzrok, co przyjął z wielką pokorą. Gdy w 667 roku brał udział w przeniesieniu relikwii św. Vaasta, w cudowny sposób swój wzrok odzyskał. Przebywając w Wavrens nad Aa nagle osłabł, trawiony silną gorączką. Towarzyszący mu mnisi zanieśli go do kościoła, gdzie odprawiono Mszę św. Wkrótce po Mszy święty zmarł, został pochowany - zgodnie ze swoim życzeniem - w kościele pw. Najświętszej Maryi Panny z Sithiu, który sam ufundował.

Patron:
Niewidomych, cierpiących na choroby oczu.

Ikonografia:
Przedstawiany jako biskup. Jego atrybutem jest: pastorał, mitra, budynek kościoła, winogrona.


Natural Heritage

The Audomarois Marshes

Where water and land come together as one, the Audomarois marshes are an idyllic place to discover, whether on foot or by boat. Reclaimed over the centuries, the water that spill out into a myraid of ramifications from the river Aa meander gently on their way. Just a few kilometers from the Opale coast, the change of scenery is extraordinary.

Whether on foot, or horseback, by bike or boat, the marshes are accessible to everybody. There are all sorts of leisure activities, trails, guided tours, guided marshes cruises and walks to be enjoyed, with or without a guide. It is however a fragile environment that must be respected. The Audomarois marshes are today the only remaining cultivated wetlands in France, with around forty market gardeners working 440 hectares of land. Although its produces fifty different vegetables, it is particulary well known for its delicious cauliflowers (5 million heads grown per year) and succulent endives.

It has an abundance of plant and wildlife within a marvellous ecosystem : 300 species of plants, including one third of France&rsquos aquatic plants, 210 species of birds observed in the last 20 years.

And less than 1 hour from Saint-Omer, discover our « Pas-de-Calais » region…


During the seventh century when Saint Omer (also known as Audomar) was bishop of nearby Thérouanne he was sent to a place called Sithiu to bring Christianity to that area. He was assisted in this task and the local language by Saint Bertin. Both were to leave their mark on the town that was subsequently named Saint Omer.

Ruins of the Abbey of Saint Bertin in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

They were quick to establish the Catholic area and by 649 had erected the Church of Our Lady of Sithiu on land donated to the church by a wealthy citizen. A small monastery was added to the church and it was known as the Abbey of Saint Peter, named for its first abbot. Saint Omer gave this monastery to the Benedictine monks of Saint Bertin on condition that he would be buried at the site and that the church would serve as a burial place for the monks. By the eleventh century this abbey had become famous as centre of holiness and education. Around this time the name was changed to the Abbey of Saint Bertin. It continued to develop and by the fourteenth century had evolved into a fine Gothic building. The monks were expelled in 1791 during the French Revolution and the abbey and is church were sold at auction in 1799. Today this abbey lies in ruins But enough of it remains for visitors to appreciate its former grandeur. A magnificent statue of Saint Bertin stands by the entrance to the abbey. It is not known exactly where Saint Omer was finally laid to rest but it is most likely it was in the cathedral of Saint Omer.

Statue of Saint Bertin by the Ruins of the Abbey of Saint Bertin in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

The Cathedral in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France, Jardin Public de Saint-Omer,

It was six centuries after the arrival the first evangelists in Saint Omer before its cathedral began to take shape. The thirteenth century was a time of burgeoning prosperity for the town rivalling the likes of Bruges, another medieval town surrounded by water. Notre-Dame Cathedral took three centuries to complete but when it was finally finished during the sixteenth century it was hailed as one of the best examples of Gothic architecture in Northern France. I was impressed by the spacious, elegant interior, the huge organ and the fascinating astrological clock that has graced the northern transept since 1558.

Inside Notre-Dame Cathedral in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

The Canals of Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

The monks of the Middle Ages were industrious people and their monasteries and abbeys were self-sufficient. When the monks arrived in Saint Omer during the ninth century they were faced with nearly nine thousand acres of the marshy wetlands of the River Aa, the Audomarois marsh. They soon discovered that the soil under the water was peat which is very fertile. So they dug up the peat, by hand, creating channels and draining the water. The peat was piled up on the sides of the channels creating areas of fertile soil. Two types of waterways were created, the public canals known in French as wateringues and the private dykes known as watergangs. Today the marsh is divided into three areas, the western part which is very residential the eastern area which has the most farms and the central and smallest area which is residential with some farming. The houses of the market gardeners on the banks of the waterways are generally small and constructed using light materials as the ground is soft and unstable. Solid foundations cannot be laid as the water is not far below the surface. Two typical boats are used on the waterways the bacôve and the escute. The former, flat-bottomed wooden boat was the working boat and used to transport vegetables and equipment as well as the occasional cow. The latter, a smaller boat, was the residents’ mode of transport around the waterways. Today roads have encroached the marshes and bridges link many of the properties to these roads so boats are not used so much. Bacôves are now being used for boat trips from the neighbouring village of Clairmarais along the waterways so visitors can appreciate the handiwork of the monks and the extent of the waterways they created. The history of the waterways and their importance as a habitat for wildlife is explained at the Maison du Marais in Saint Omer.

Waterway on the Audomarois marsh in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

The Maison du Marais in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

Maison du Marais on the bank of the River Aa in Saint Omer is a very modern interpretive centre. It illustrates the reasons why the Audomarois marsh has been designated a UNESCO biosphere reserve due to its importance as a habitat for wildlife. The centre also narrates the history of the marsh with reference to its traditions and cultures. During the nineteenth century the marsh developed as a centre for market gardening. Today it is the only large marsh that is still cultivated in France. Nearly fifty different vegetables are grown here and particularly popular are cauliflowers (introduced in the mid-eighteenth century) and the winter endive which was introduced around 1920. I was very impressed as the interpretive centre is not only inter-active but includes many information boards in braille. Boat trips on a Bacôve and interpretive walks are available from the Maison du Marais which also has a shop and a café.

Boat Trip on a Bacôve in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

The Ramparts of Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

As Saint Omer became more important it also became necessary to defend itself and its first castle was built by the first Flemish counts (Saint Omer was once part of Flanders) in the tenth century. It is a rare example of a motte-and-bailey castle. As the importance of the castle declined its keep of this castle was used as a prison. When it was destroyed at the beginning of the eighteenth century it was replaced by a prison. The prison is now open to the public. The remains of the old city walls have been incorporated into a public park, the Jardin Public de Saint Omer This huge garden comprises three distinct areas. Take the steps down to the lower level and beyond the large public car park (free) are some charming formal gardens at the base of the ramparts. At the top of the steps leading out of these gardens are some themed flower beds full of vibrant blossoms. Beyond the flower beds is a large arboretum with several paths winding through the trees. This area features a small animal park. During an early evening stroll through these amazing gardens I met people training, children playing and even a lady training her dog. Emerging from the park I soon found myself in the main square of the town, in Place Foch.

Jardin Public de Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

Place du Maréchal Foch, the Heart of Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

It was early evening and the restaurants that ringed Place du Maréchal Foch were overflowing with animated patrons. This attractive town centre showcases many seventeenth century houses some built in the Flemish style that is typical of this region. The square is dominated by the neo-classical Hôtel de ville or town hall. Built during the nineteenth century using materials from the Abbey of Saint Bertin it now houses an Italian style theatre on the first floor and traditional tea rooms on the ground floor. Currently this square is also used as a public car park but there are plans to restore it to a paved, pedestrianised area.

Former Town Hall in Place du Maréchal Foch, Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

Musée de l’hôtel Sandelin in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

As Saint Omer grew and prospered beautiful mansions were built and a variety of industries grew up around the town. Both are illustrated at the Musée de l’hôtel Sandelin. The Museum Sandelin is housed in a private mansion built to a particular design referred to as l’hôtel. These grand residences were built around a courtyard with several bedrooms to accommodate guests. Built at the end of the eighteenth century l’hôtel Sandelin is one of the best examples of this style of architecture in France. The city of Saint Omer bought this house at the end of the nineteenth century and the museum opened in 1904. Since then it has been displaying various collections dating from the Middle Ages to the nineteenth century in its twenty-one beautiful rooms. The museum also hosts temporary exhibitions. I was really impressed by the collection of delicate clay pipes that was once a thriving industry in the town. The making of ceramics in the style of Delft pottery was also once very popular here and there is a large collection of both the copies and the genuine article. After this fascinating insight into the history of Saint Omer there was one place I had to see before I left the area – La Coupole.

Musée de l’hôtel Sandelin in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

La Coupole near Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

“La Coupole”:“https://www.lacoupole-france.co.uk/history-centre.html at Wizernes, just outside Saint Omer, is an impressive remnant of the German occupation during the Second World War. It was restored and turned into an excellent History and Memory Centre which opened in1997. Visitors can wander through the extensive tunnels to a large exhibition space. Here films and exhibits relate the story of this huge underground bunker where the” V2 missiles”:https://airandspace.si.edu/collection-objects/missile-surface-surface-v-2-4 were mass-produced to launch on London. Deportees from concentration camps were used to build the bunker and produce the V2s. It is a sombre indictment of the futility of war and the huge suffering it caused. The inventors of the V2 were subsequently employed on the rocket development programme in the United States – their war crimes conveniently forgotten. This is definitely an experience that should not be missed by anyone visiting the area.

Entrance to Le Cupoule near Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

Where to Eat in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

The popular Restaurant Les 3 Caves on Place du Maréchal Foch offers an unusual ambience and traditional French cuisine. There are three eating areas, an outside patio, an upstairs dining room and the simulated cave on the ground floor. As I wanted to try and traditional dish I chose the carbonade flamande. A Flemish dish it comprises beef slow cooked in beer and sweetened by the addition of gingerbread. It was served with a portion of perfect, crispy chips – or should I say pommes frittes. My dessert was also a traditional dish – profiteroles – but filled with vanilla ice cream and covered in hot chocolate sauce. A meal to relish and remember.

Profiteroles at Les 3 Caves in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

Where to Stay in Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

The Ibis Hotel is right in the centre of Saint Omer, in the shadow of its cathedral so it is very convenient for exploring the town. There is a pubic car park behind the hotel and it is also a short walk from the free car parking by the ramparts of the town. The compact rooms offer all the facilities for a comfortable stay. There is a bar and a restaurant on the ground floor. The latter serves an excellent breakfast. As a base for a city base it suited me very well.

The Ibis Hotel in the Centre of Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

How to Get to Saint Omer in Pas de Calais, France

I took my car across to France on the DFDS car ferry crossing from Dover to Calais. It was a very pleasant crossing especially as I took advantage of the Premium Lounge enjoying a comfortable seat, a nice selection of drinks and snacks and free WiFi.
On arrival in France it took me about an hour to drive to Saint Omer via the A16 motorway.

Available on GPSmyCity.com

This article is now featured on GPSmyCity. To download this article for offline reading or travel directions to the attractions highlighted in this article, go to Walking Tours in Saint Omer on GPSmyCity

This article was based on the personal experience of Valery, an ExperiencedTraveller.Saint Omer was occupied by the Germans

Comments

I was very impressed with the travel offering in and around St Omer. As someone who likes history and good food I thoroughly enjoyed being there.

Worldwide Destinations

Stay up to date with our latest news, reviews and travel tips

Your email address will not be shared and we’ll never send you junk. Ever.


Saint-Omer and the Marais Audomarois

The town of Saint-Omer is named after the 7th century monk, Audomar of Thérouanne, who founded a Benedictine abbey here on the banks of the River Aa — the Abbaye Saint-Bertin. During the Middle Ages, it grew to be one of the most powerful and important monasteries in northern Europe. Its skeletal ruins still stand in the lower part of town. Despite being closed down during the French Revolution, the abbey was still standing and largely intact in the first half of the 19th century, when it was dismantled and its stone reused in other buildings, including Saint-Omer’s distinctive neoclassical Hôtel de Ville (town hall).

Sprawling to the north and east from the foot of the town, is the Marais Audomarois — a vast swathe of wetlands covering an area of more than 3,700 hectares, which is criss-crossed by over 700 km of watercourses, canals, channels and dykes.

Appropriately enough given their lowland character, many of these waterways have partly Flemish names — Le Petit Meer, Le Grand Meer, Le Stackelwaert, Le Hongarwaert. A few kilometres away to the north, Eurostar trains dash by, cutting through the flatlands, sweeping over the River Aa on the long Haute-Colme Viaduct. But travellers bound for Saint-Omer must take the slow train.

Arriving by train from Calais into Saint- Omer’s surprisingly grand railway station (beautifully renovated in 2019), the view from the eastfacing windows offers something of a preview of the landscape’s character — a patchwork of wet meadows, market gardens, cauliflower crops and marshland, neatly divided by water channels, and studded here and there with lakes. The only way to truly appreciate the special character of this landscape, however, is by boat.

This is just an excerpt. The full text of this article is not yet available to members with online access to hidden europe. Of course you can also read the full article in the print edition of hidden europe 61.


Patronage

  • Omer est invoqué pour les troubles de la vue. L'origine de cette vénération n'est pas certaine, il aurait d'après la tradition orale, perdu la vue à la fin de sa vie.
  • Localement, dans la Manche, à Orval, il est invoqué pour remédier aux troubles intestinaux.

Le miracle du jeune clerc écervelé :

En promenade sur les bords de la Liane, il monte dans une barque. Emporté par le vent, la barque s'éloigne au large dans la Manche en direction de la Grande-Bretagne. Soudain, le vent change de direction et ramène le jeune clerc vers la côte. Ayant regagné la terre ferme, le clerc se précipite aux pieds d'Omer qui se reposait, et implore son pardon, attribuant sa vie sauve à Omer. Omer lui interdit de parler de cet évènement tant qu'il sera en vie par humilité.

-Dans le village d'Alveringhem, Omer réalise un autre miracle. Il baptise et rend la vue à un jeune enfant aveugle.


Biography

Appointed Grand Forester and Governor of Flanders by Dagobert I, King of the Franks in 621. Married Dagobert’s sister, Richilda, Princess of Merovingia. His 2nd son, one of 15 children, was named Antoine Forester de Flanders.

Forester, the forerunner of all others who bear the name in its many variations across early Europe, and since then, the entire globe.

His name was Lydric, only son of Saluart, Prince of Dijon. He was granted both the government and the fiefdom of Flanders by Dagobert I, King of the Franks in the year 621.

The entry about him in the old Flemish chronicle I found is a follows: "Lydric the first Lord of the name called Buc, only son of Saluart, Prince of Dijon and Madame Emgarde, daughter of Girard (Gerald) Lord of Roussilon, having conquered and killed Phinart the tyrant, the Lord of Buc was appointed the First (or Grand) Forester of the country of Flanders, in the year 621, by Dagobert, the King of Austrasia and of the Franks, and carried the first arms that are blazoned as being ‘garonny or et azur (blue and gold) of ten pieces in the middle of an escutchon gules,’ He died in the year 692." This coat of arms was one of the earliest granted.

(The origin of the title "Grand Forester" is unknown, but it probably related to the high importance of those titled officials who had complete charge and oversight of the very heavily wooded lands in those times. These huge forests were the most valuable asset of their royal owners, the kings, being such an extremely vital source of both timber and meat for their realms! The same significance of forestry and sylviculture applied just as much in Europe then as it did in England and Scotland.)

“Lyderic Le Buck governed Flanders wisely and humanely, until his death. In A.D. 640, he completed a castle on the bank of the river, which, from its insolated position was called "l’Isle," since easily changed to Lille. In this castle, Lyderic’s descendants and successors, as Foresters and Counts of Flanders, resided for several centuries. Guicciardine says its ruins were extant in his time.

About this castle, in time, grew the since famous City of Lille, Capital of Flanders, which once vied in importance with Lancashire, England, in the extent and value of its manufactures. It is still [1889] "one mean city" and contains some of the most valuable works of art in all Europe. The celebrated Hotel de Ville, built by Jean Sans Peur in 1430, contains forty four of Raphael’s paintings. The portraits of Lyderic Le Buc and several of his descendants, hang in the Musee in Lille.”

By Richilda, his wife, Lyderic Le Buck had fifteen children. His descendants who for fourteen generations after his death governed Flanders.


Sources

  • - Chlodis Fow [wYoung]
  • - Clodio [Jordan1929]
  • - Clodion [Gardner1996] [O'Hart1923] [wDKBingham] [wPhilip5]
  • - Clodius [Jordan1929] [wCharlemagne]
  • - Clodius Crinitus [Jordan1929]
  • - His father was supposedly Pharamond king of the Franks [374A-430A].
  • - His mother was supposedly Argotta of the Salic Franks [374A-429A].
  • - Basina of the Thuringians [390A-450A] was supposedly his spouse/partner.
  • - fictitiousAlberic lord of the Moselle [424A-491A] was supposedly his child.
  • - fictitious Auberon
  • - O'Hart1923 "The Lineal Descent of King Philip V., of Spain":p#42-3
  • - Gardner1996
  • - Jordan1929
  • - wDKBingham
  • - wDonW
  • - wEnf-Bry
  • - wJMorin

PKD RUO-5390Cl47a 2001De02 Copyright (c) 2009 Paul K Davis [[email protected]] Fremont CA Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown Children

  • -1. Merovech Franks,king-of-the
  • -2. Sigimerus Auvergne,bishop-of , I b: abt 0419A
  • -3. Adelbert -

This family was known as the Merovingians, from the name of one of its members, to whom national tradition had ascribed a sea-god as ancestor.

Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aëtius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains. Childeric, son of Merovaeus, also served the empire under Count Aegidius and subsequently under Count Paul, whom he assisted in repelling the Saxons from Angers. Childeric died at Tournai, his capital, where his tomb was found in 1653 (Cochet, Le tombeau de Childéric, Paris, 1859). But Childeric did not transmit to his son Clovis, who succeeded him in 481, the entire inheritance left by Clodion. The latter seems to have reigned over all the Cis-Rhenish Franks, and the monarchy was divided among his descendants, although the exact time of the division is not known. There were now two Frankish groups: the Ripuarians, who occupied the banks of the Rhine and whose kings resided in Cologne, and the Salians who had established themselves in the Low Countries. The Salians did not form a single kingdom besides the Kingdom of Tournai there were kingdoms with centres at Cambrai and Tongres. Their sovereigns, both Salian and Ripuarian, belonged to the Merovingian family and seem to have been descended from Clodion.

Clodius "the long haired" King of the Franks

  • Born : Abt. 395 Westfalen, Germany
  • Died : 451
  • Buried : Cambray, France
  • Father
  • Pharamond King of the Franks
  • Mother
  • Argotta Queen of the Franks
  • Marriage
  • - Basina Princess of Thuringia
  • Children
  • Abt. 415 - Merovee King of the Franks
  • Ruled 428+451

Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinast໚ Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque ten໚ mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que hab໚ conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Clodio the Hairy ordered the Franks to wear their hair long, a symbol of rebellion against Rome. Up until that time the citizens of Gaul had been wearing their hair short, as a sign of servitude, in accordance with a decree from Caesar.

English Wikipedia claims that Chlodio's father was Theudemeres, not Pharamond. "The Pharamond legend appears to be a later concoction created in the 8th century."

born 392 or 395 or 410 died 446 or 447 or 448

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

Austrasien var ett frankiskt kungarike under merovingerna, från 500-talet till 700-talet. Det omfattande omrn på b sidor av mellersta Rhen, med huvudorterna Metz och Reims.

He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded:

Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

Clodius “Long Hair”, King of the Franks, was born in 395 in Westphalia. He captured the town of Cambrai from the Romans. He married Basina and Adelbert was their son. Clodius died in 447.

CLODIO / CLODIAN VI (AD 426 till 447 / 8), kung av Saliska franker (Cambrai). Enligt legenden hans far var Pharamond (409-426), den första kungen av saliska frankerna efter avgång romarna från Gallien. Hans son Merovech (eftertrr kung av den Saliska franker), grundade den merovingiska dynastin. Kallad "Long Hair" eller "Hårig" på grund av längden på hans hår. Därefter merovingerna kallades "långhåriga Kings" och skära av en konungs hår representerade hans förlust av kunglig makt.

I historia, var Clodio förmodligen riktig. Han bodde i Thüringen territorium, och regerade samtidigt som den semi-legendariska kungar Theudemer och Richemer. Allt som är känt om hans regeringstid är att han tog staden Cambrai från romarna. Han eftertr󤷞s av sin semi-legendariska son Merovech. Även Merovech och Clodio betraktas som semi-legendariska, Merovech son, Childeric jag var mycket verklig och kan inte betraktas som fiktiva.

He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded: 1. MEROVIUS, b. 411 A.D. 2. Sigemerus, b. 413 A.D. and 3. ALBERO, b.417 A.D.. Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

Note: surnamed Crinitus or Long-Hair, because he made the Franks wear longbeards and long hair in opposition to the Romans and for a sign ofliberty for he invaded Gaul, and after he had been several timesrepulsed by the Roman General, he took Artois, Cambray, Tournay, etc.,as far as teh River Somme, residing at Amiens. Wife, Basina, a widow,dau. of Weldelphius, King of the Thuringians. (YFT, pp. 66-67). Death: 445 OR 447

His nickname (AKA, 'Long Haired') probably had some historical basis & started the custom followed by the later Kings of his dynasty of growing their hair to an inordinate length as a sign of their royal status. Took the town of Cambrai from the Romans.

Source: The book, 'Kings & Queens of Europe'

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Clodion el Cabelludo Rey de los francos salios

Retrato imaginario de Clodion en una medalla de bronce de 1720 Reinado Hacia 420 - 448 Fallecimiento 鑈 Sucesor Meroveo Dinast໚ inast໚ Merovingia

Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinast໚ Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque ten໚ mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que hab໚ conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo. Efternamn : Förnamn : Klodvigs Strandparterna " King of Köln

Clodion is considered by some authors (1) the son and heir of Pharamond. According to Gregory of Tours, he lived in the castle of Dispargum, Thuringia. Chlodio's tribe renounced the suzerainty of Rome after 428 and broke across the Scheldt River, spreading southward into Gaul and occupying the region as far as the Somme. The Franks seized Tournai and Cambrai, but their defeat (c. 431) by the Roman military commander, magister utriusque militiae Flavius Ætius, at Helena (Hélesme), prevented further expansion. He made peace with Ætius and died c. 447/448.

Clodion reigned 428-448. The Salic Franks came from Dieburg in Hessen, the name Salic deriving from the river Saale (a tributary of the river Main). His territory was Tournai and corresponds generally to the later area of Hainaut. ("Ancestral Roots. - Supplement," F.L.Weis, 1952, p. 37)

Some sources list him as the son of Pharamond, King of the Franks and Argotta of Cimbri. However, modern scholars believe that he is a legendary rather than historical character. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharamond

Bloodline of Holy Grail: Messianic Descent of Kings of Bohemia

This Clovis was King of the Ripurian (or river-dwelling) Franks, who stayed mostly in the Rhineland, and should not be confused with the more distinguished King Clovis I, also our ancestor, who is usually considered the first King of France and who was King of the Salian (or sea-dwelling) Franks, a different (and more distinguished) branch of the Frankish tribe, responsible for the conquest of Roman Gaul.

Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aetius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains.

1. KING CLOVIS THE RIPARIAN OF COLOGNE of Cologne, Germany was born before 420, and died between 420 and 530. [902, 2307]

Frankish King of Cologne, living 420, kinsman of Clovis I.

2i.KING CHILDEBERT2 of Cologne, b. before 450, d. after 450.

Clovis I (c. 466 – 27 November 511) was the first King of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler. He succeeded his father Childeric I in 481[1] as King of the Salian Franks, one of the Frankish tribes who were then occupying the area west of the lower Rhine, with their centre around Tournai and Cambrai along the modern frontier between France and Belgium, in an area known as Toxandria. Clovis conquered the neighbouring Frankish tribes and established himself as sole king before his death.

He converted to Roman Catholicism, as opposed to the Arianism common among the Germanic peoples at the time, at the instigation of his wife, the Burgundian Clotilda, a Catholic. He was baptized in the Cathedral of Rheims, as most future French kings would be. This act was of immense importance in the subsequent history of France and Western Europe in general, for Clovis expanded his dominion over almost all of the old Roman province of Gaul (roughly modern France). He is considered the founder both of France (which his state closely resembled geographically at his death) and the Merovingian dynasty which ruled the Franks for the next two centuries.

In primary sources Clovis' name is spelled in a number of variants: The Frankish form Chlodovech was Latinised as Chlodovechus, from which came the Latin name Ludovicus, which evolved into the French name Louis.

The name features prominently in subsequent history: Three other Merovingian Kings have been called Clovis, while nine Carolingian rulers and thirteen other French kings and one Holy Roman Emperor have been called Louis.

Nearly every European language has developed its own spelling of his name. Louis (French), "Chlodwig" and Ludwig (German), Lodewijk (Dutch), Luis (Spanish), Luigi (Italian), and Lewis (English) are just six of the over 100 possible variations.

Scholars differ about the exact meaning of his (first)name. Most believe that Chlodovech is composed out of the Germanic roots Chlod- and -vech. Chlod- = (modern English) loud, with its oldest connotation praised. -vech = fighter (modern English). Compare in modern Dutch luid (hard sound or noise), luiden (verb - the oldest meaning is : to praise aloud) and vechten (verb - to fight). Chlodovech means praised fighter [2].

In 486, with the help of Ragnachar, Clovis defeated Syagrius, the last Roman official in northern Gaul, who ruled the area around Soissons in present-day Picardie.[3] This victory at Soissons extended Frankish rule to most of the area north of the Loire. After this, Clovis secured an alliance with the Ostrogoths through the marriage of his sister Audofleda to their king, Theodoric the Great. He followed this victory with another in 491 over a small group of Thuringians east of the Frankish territories. Later, with the help of the other Frankish sub-kings, he narrowly defeated the Alamanni in the Battle of Tolbiac. He had previously married the Christian Burgundian princess Clotilde (493), and, following his victory at Tolbiac (traditionally set in 496), he converted to her Trinitarian Catholic faith. This set Clovis apart from the other Germanic kings of his time, such as those of the Visigoths and the Vandals, who had converted from heathen beliefs to Arian Christianity.

The conversion of Clovis to Catholic Christianity, the religion of the majority of his subjects, strengthened the bonds between his Roman subjects, led by their Catholic bishops, and their Germanic conquerors. Nevertheless, Bernard Bachrach has argued that this conversion from his Frankish paganism alienated many of the other Frankish sub-kings and weakened his military position over the next few years. William Daly, in order more directly to assess Clovis' allegedly barbaric and pagan origins,[4] was obliged to ignore the bishop Saint Gregory of Tours and base his account on the scant earlier sources, a sixth-century "vita" of Saint Genevieve and letters to or concerning Clovis from bishops and Theodoric.

In the familiar literary convention called "interpretatio romana," Gregory of Tours gave the gods that Clovis abandoned the names of roughly equivalent Roman gods, such as Jupiter and Mercury.[5] Taken literally, such usage would suggest a strong affinity of early Frankish rulers for the prestige of Roman culture, which they may have embraced as allies and federates of the Empire during the previous century.[citation needed]

Though he fought a battle at Dijon in the year 500, Clovis did not successfully subdue the Burgundian kingdom. It appears that he somehow gained the support of the Arvernians in the following years, for they assisted him in his defeat of the Visigothic kingdom of Toulouse in the Battle of Vouillé (507) which eliminated Visigothic power in Gaul and confined the Visigoths to Hispania the battle added most of Aquitaine to Clovis' kingdom.[3] He then established Paris as his capital,[3] and established an abbey dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul on the south bank of the Seine. Later it was renamed Sainte-Geneviève Abbey, in honor of the patron saint of Paris.[6]

According to Gregory of Tours, following the Battle of Vouillé, the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius I, granted Clovis the title of consul. Since Clovis' name does not appear in the consular lists, it is likely he was granted a suffect consulship. Gregory also records Clovis' systematic campaigns following his victory in Vouillé to eliminate the other Frankish "reguli" or sub-kings. These included Sigobert the Lame and his son Chlodoric the Parricide Chararic, another king of the Salian Franks Ragnachar of Cambrai, his brother Ricchar, and their brother Rignomer of Le Mans.

Shortly before his death, Clovis called a synod of Gallic bishops to meet in Orlບns to reform the church and create a strong link between the Crown and the Catholic episcopate. This was the First Council of Orlບns.

Clovis I died in 511 and is interred in Saint Denis Basilica, Paris, where his father had been buried with the older Merovingian kings in Tournai. Upon his death his realm was divided among his four sons: Theuderic, Chlodomer, Childebert, and Clotaire. This partitioning created the new political units of the Kingdoms of Rheims, Orlບns, Paris and Soissons and inaugurated a period of disunity which was to last, with brief interruptions, until the end (751) of his Merovingian dynasty.

The legacy of Clovis is well-established on three heads: his unification of the Frankish nation, his conquest of Gaul, and his conversion to the Roman Catholic Faith. By the first act, he assured the influence of his people in wider affairs, something no petty regional king could accomplish. By the second act, he laid the foundations of a later nation-state: France. Finally, by the third act, he made himself the ally of the papacy and its protector as well as that of the people, who were mostly Catholics.

Detracting, perhaps, from these acts of more than just national importance, his division of the state, not along national or even largely geographical lines, but primarily to assure equal income amongst his sons on his death, which may or may not have been his intention, was the cause of much internal discord in Gaul and contributed in the long run to the fall of his dynasty, for it was a pattern constantly repeated.[7] Clovis did bequeath to his heirs the support of both people and church such that, when finally the magnates were ready to do away with the royal house, the sanction of the pope was sought first.

Clovis 'the Riparian,' Frankish King of Cologne living in 420.

Source: 'Royalty for Commoners', Roderick W. Stuart, 1993, p 128. 'Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants', Langston & Buck, 1986, p cv.

Köln blev en stad i 50 e.Kr. , hade en biskop så tidigt som 313 , och i 785 , blev säte för en ärkebiskop . Ärkebiskopen av Colognewas en av de sju väljarna i det Heliga Romerska Riket . Han regerade alarge omr som en sekulär herre på medeltiden , men i 1288 han wasdefeated i Köln medborgare och tvingades flytta till Bonn. Colognewas en medlem av Hansan , men blev en fri cityofficially bara 1475 .

Köln förlorat sin status, och återfått sin ärkestiftet duringthe franska perioden , och i 1815 , på kongressen i Wien madepart av kungariket Preussen. Köln blev en industristad , ochmekanismen katedralen inleddes 1248 , men avskaffades i mitten av 1500-talet , waseventually färdig 1880 .

I 39 f.Kr. , gick in i stammen Ubii avtal med theRoman styrkor och avvecklas på vänstra stranden av Rhen . Theirheadquarters var Oppidum Ubiorum - lösning av Ubii och atthe samtidigt en viktig romersk militärbas. I 50 AD, Agrippinathe yngre, hustru till kejsar Claudius , som f󶷞s i Köln, bad om hennes hemby som upphöjts till status som colonia - en stad i den romerska rätten . Den kallades Colonia Claudia AraAgrippinensis ( en " koloni av Claudius och altare Agrippina "), orColonia Agrippina , " kolonin Agrippina . " I 80 e.Kr. vatten supplywas byggdes, Eifel- akvedukten , en av de längsta akvedukter av theRoman Empire , som levererade 20.000 kubikmeter vatten till cityevery dag. Tio år senare blev Colonia huvudstad theRoman Niederösterreich i Tyskland Germania Inferior med en totalpopulation av 45.000 personer.

I 260 Postumus gjort Köln huvudstad av det Galliska riket whichincluded de tyska och galliska provinserna , Britannia och provincesof Hispania . Det Galliska riket varade bara tjugo år.

Vid 3: e århundradet , bara 20.000 människor levde i och omkring staden .. I 310 e.Kr. hade kejsar Konstantin en bro över Rhineconstructed , detta var bevakad av Castellum Divitia (numera " Deutz ").

Clovis den 1 . aka Chlod'wig , Chlo'do - wech F omkring 466 . Kung ofthe Saliska franker , och en av de tidigaste härskarna av Merovingiandynasty av frankerna från 481 till 511 . King of strandparterna frankerna ( strandparterna - bor vid floden bank = Ripa ) Han gifte sig PrincessClotilda , DTR av Chilperik , och brorsdotter till Gundobad . Hon var aBurgundian kristen och konverterade Clovis på deras äktenskap i 496.Baptized av Remy , biskop i Reims . Clovis störtade Gallo- Romancolony styrs av Syagrius , nära SOISSON i 486 . Alemannerna ( Alamanni ) korsade Rhen och anföll frankerna som leddes av Clovis.Clovis och hans armé besegrade Alamanni på Tolbiacum ( Zulpich ), nearthe Rhen i 496 . (Nära Strasbourg ) - alemannerna hade slagit theAlsace -Lorraine omr 443) är övertygade om att hans böner till theChristian Gud hade besvarats och hjälpte honom besegra fienden , Clovis då var döpt , tillsammans med flera tusen hisfollowers och så kristendomen kom till den hedniska rike theFranks . Clovis besegrade västgötar i 507 . Visigoterna aredefeated i slaget vid Campus Vogladensis . Alarik II d�s och Clovis annekterade VÄSTGOT rike Toulouse. Den Visigothsremained kontroll över den iberiska halvön. Clovis jag etablerat hiscapital på Lutetia (som blev Paris). Clovis inrättade " strandparterna Rätt "system , markägarnas rättigheter som bodde på b sidesof en flod eller b์k , är lika med dem som äger eller levde furtherup mot källan till ån . Försökte förena alla frankerna intoone riket , men misslyckades. Divided hans rike mellan hans fyra söner justbefore han dog 511 . Han var 45 år . Hans söner var Theoderik , Chlodomer , Childebert , och Lothar , som delar upp det frankiska riket , och regera från huvudstrna i Metz , Orleans , Paris och Soissons.Theodoric i Metz Chlodomer vid Orleans Childebert i Lutetia (Paris) Lothar vid Soissons .

Hij is ook bekend onder diverse varianten als Clodio, Cloio, Chlogio was. Zijn vader zou Pharamond zijn, die naam komt echter alleen voor in bronnen van geruime tijd na zijn dood, en is daarom mogelijk niet historisch. Er wordt vermoed dat hij oorspronkelijk uit Thuringen kwam - zijn machtsbasis was Dispargum in terminum Thuringorum (Dispargum aan de grens van Thuringen) er is echter ook een theorie dat 'Thuringorum' een schrijffout voor 'Tungrorum' (Tongeren) is.

Rond 448 wordt hij verslagen nabij Artesië desondanks wordt vermoed dat hij regeerde over het gebied van het huidige België tot aan de Somme. Hij werd opgevolgd door Merovech, vermoedelijk zijn zoon.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodio

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

Chlodio ist der erste namentlich fassbare König der Salfranken. Er regierte im zweiten Viertel des 5. Jahrhunderts.

Seinen Hauptsitz hatte Chlodio in Dispargum (möglicherweise Duysburg östlich von Brüssel[1] oder Duisburg[2]). Nach einer Angabe des Geschichtsschreibers Gregor von Tours war er verwandt mit dem König Merowech, dem Großvater Chlodwigs I. nach der Fredegar-Chronik war Chlodio der Vater Merowechs, was aber zweifelhaft ist. Zwischen 440 und 450 erlitt er gegen den weströmischen Heermeister Flavius Aëtius im Gebiet von Arras eine Niederlage durch einen �rraschungsangriff der Römer der römische Erfolg wird von dem Dichter Sidonius Apollinaris berichtet. Dieser R࿌kschlag änderte jedoch an der fränkischen Landnahme nichts. Die Franken wurden von den Römern als Foederaten anerkannt. Sie besetzten mit Cambrai und Arras das Land bis zur Somme. Gregor von Tours lobt Chlodio als einen König, der t࿌htig und unter seinem Volk sehr vornehm gewesen sei.[3]

𠈪LIA: "Long /Haired"/ •Title: King of the Franks 𠈫irth: ABT 395 in Westphalia, Germany �th: 450 1 2 𠈫urial: UNKNOWN Cambray

Father: Pharamond b: ABT 370 in Westphalia, Germany Mother: Argotta b: ABT 376 in Kingdom of the East Franks

Marriage 1 Basina Of Thuringia b: BEF 398 in Thuringia, Germany •Married: in France Children 1. Adalbertus 2. Merovaeus b: ABT 415 in Gaul (France) 3. Sigimerus I Of Auvergne b: ABT 429 in Westphalia, Germany

Clodion reigned 428-448. The Salic Franks came from Dieburg in Hessen, the name Salic deriving from the river Saale (a tributary of the river Main). His territory was Tournai and corresponds generally to the later area of Hainaut. ("Ancestral Roots. - Supplement," F.L.Weis, 1952, p. 37)

Chlodio (395-448) was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty . He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum . From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul , where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River . In 448 , 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius , the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul. Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech , after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond . The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris .

Cl༽io (◊ c. 392 † 447 ou 449) (Chlodio, Chlodion, Clodion, Clodius, Chlogio, Clodian), Cabelos Longos ou O Cabeludo, foi um rei semi-lendário dos francos salianos da dinastia merovíngia (426 - 447). Seu sucessor foi Meroveu, de quem a dinastia herdou o nome. A parte lendária diz que seu pai foi o duque Faramundo e sua m฾ Argotta, da Turíngia. Seu avô deve ter sido Marcomer, um duque dos francos.

Há basicamente apenas duas fontes de informação sobre Cl༽io: os escritos de Gregório de Tours e Sidônio Apolinário.

Cl༽io viveu em Dispargum, nome que se acredita ser de um castelo, ou uma vila. Por volta de 431, ele invadiu o território de Artois, mas foi derrotado próximo a Hesdin por Aຜio, comandante do exército romano na Gália. No entanto, Cl༽io reagrupou seu exército e em pouco tempo foi capaz de tomar a cidade de Cameracum. Finalmente, ele ocupou toda a região até o rio Somme e fez de Tournai a capital dos francos salianos.

A agressividade de Cl༽io em conquistar mais territórios levou a sຜulos de expansão por seus sucessores que no final das contas criaram o que hoje conhecemos como Fran๺. Cl༽io morreu em algum momento entre 447 e 449 e o poder foi passado a Meroveu. Não se sabe se Meroveu era seu filho ou outro chefe tribal que ascendeu à posição de lideran๺.

Chef des Francs Saliens (428-448)

Roi de Thérouanne et de Cambrai

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris. http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jloops&id.

ID: I751 Name: Clodius "Long Hair" King Of Franks Given Name: Clodius "Long Hair" Suffix: King Of Franks Sex: M Birth: ABT 0395 in Westphalia,Germany Death: 0447 _UID: E3CC7A7D52A5F84AAA6D46487D020D82924F Change Date: 27 Dec 2007 at 03:00:00

Father: Pharamond King Of Franks b: ABT 0370 in Westphalia,Germany Mother: Argotta b: ABT 0376 in France

Marriage 1 Basina Of Thuringia b: 0398 in Thuringia,Germany

Clodion dit le Chevelu (vers 395 - 448) était chef des Francs saliens et premier roi de la dynastie des Mérovingiens au dປut du Ve siຌle.

En 428, Clodion apprend que les villes de la Belgique Seconde, sont sans dnse. En effet, le général romain Aetius a prélevé beaucoup de soldats de ces territoires pour combattre ses ennemis les Wisigoths. Surprises, les troupes romaines qui gardaient les passages, sont dites, Clodion bat facilement les garnisons restantes et s'empare de Tournai, emporte Cambrai du premier assaut et rຝuit tout le pays des environs jusqu'à la Somme. En fait, plus que des pillages faciles, il cherche à conférer à son autorité de roi guerrier une assise territoriale, qu'il veut voir s'étendre, sur le riche territoire entre le Rhin, la Somme, la Meuse et la mer du Nord.

En 431, Clodion qui célປrait les noces d'un grand seigneur de son armພ près du bourg d'Helena — sans doute près d'Arras — est attaqué par le général Aetius et son lieutenant Majorien. Le général voulait reprendre les territoires annexés par les Francs. Clodion, qui n'était pas préparé à l'affrontement, est contraint de fuir et perd tout ce qu'il avait conquis sur l'Empire romain en deçà du Rhin. Cependant, conscient qu'il n'avait pas les moyens militaires pour occuper à nouveau le territoire, Aetius prຟère négocier la paix et conclut avec Clodion un traité (fᔽus) qui fait des Francs, des « fຝérés » combattant pour Rome, et les autorisait à s'installer dans l'Empire, en l'occurrence près du fisc impérial de Tournai. Il s'agit là des origines du futur royaume franc de Clovis Ier.

Après vingt ans de règne, Clodion meurt vers l'an 448. On ne sait ni le nom de sa reine, ni le nombre de ses enfants. Il serait le père de Mérovພ.

Il existe une légende sur Clodion ou plus exactement sur Mérovພ. Grégoire de Tours n'a pas voulu la reprendre car elle était trop pa໾nne. Mais Frຝégaire, chroniqueur de VIIe siຌle, moins regardant, nous la donne.

La voici résumພ par Godefroid Kurth : « Un jour que la reine, femme de Clodion, se baignait dans la mer, un dieu s'unit à elle, et de cette union naquit Mérovພ, le héros éponyme de la dynastie franque. » Le dieu en question est une "Bistea Neptuni", un Quinotaure, un dieu fluvial cornu. Cette fable semble très ancienne, elle nous dit ce que Grégoire de Tours ne nous dit pas : Mérovພ avait pour mère la femme de Clodion.

Selon l'auteur du Liber Historiae Francorum le père de Clodion le Chevelu serait Pharamond, qui lui même serait le fils de Marcomir. Cette génບlogie, ຜrite plus de 330 ans après les faits, est reconnue par les historiens contemporains comme fabuleuse.

Des génບlogistes des XXe siຌle et XXIe siຌle lui ont inventés de toute pi une famille (Blésinde, Inbergide, Argotta, Clénus, Hildegonde, Clodeswinthe, Chodebaud, Alberic, Adalbert. ). Ces personnages sont des Faux Mérovingiens et n'ont aucune valeur historique.

Chronicle of Fredegar (7th century) says his father was Theudemeres, one of the leaders of the Salian Franks and king of Thérouanne (409�). Liber Historiae Francorum (8th century) says his father was Pharamond, perhaps a legendary figure. Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

VERSIONS OF HIS NAME: - Chlodis Fow [wYoung] - Clodio [Jordan1929] - Clodion [Gardner1996] [O'Hart1923] [wDKBingham] [wPhilip5] - Clodius [Jordan1929] [wCharlemagne] - Clodius Crinitus [Jordan1929] - OTHER RELATIONSHIPS: - His father was supposedly Pharamond king of the Franks [374A-430A]. - His mother was supposedly Argotta of the Salic Franks [374A-429A]. - Basina of the Thuringians [390A-450A] was supposedly his spouse/partner. - Alberic lord of the Moselle [424A-491A] was supposedly his child. - TITLES: - "the Hairy" - king of the Franks - chef des Francs - HIS LIFE: - Invaded Gaul, repulsed by Aetius - SOURCES: - O'Hart1923 "The Lineal Descent of King Philip V., of Spain":p#42-3 - Gardner1996 - Jordan1929 - wDKBingham - wDonW - wEnf-Bry - wJMorin - wPhilip5 - wRJones - wYoung - wCharlemagne - PKD RUO-5390Cl47a 2001De02 Copyright (c) 2009 Paul K Davis [[email protected]] Fremont CA Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown Children

-1. Merovech Franks,king-of-the -2. Sigimerus Auvergne,bishop-of , I b: abt 0419A -3. Adelbert - This family was known as the Merovingians, from the name of one of its members, to whom national tradition had ascribed a sea-god as ancestor.

Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aëtius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains. Childeric, son of Merovaeus, also served the empire under Count Aegidius and subsequently under Count Paul, whom he assisted in repelling the Saxons from Angers. Childeric died at Tournai, his capital, where his tomb was found in 1653 (Cochet, Le tombeau de Childéric, Paris, 1859). But Childeric did not transmit to his son Clovis, who succeeded him in 481, the entire inheritance left by Clodion. The latter seems to have reigned over all the Cis-Rhenish Franks, and the monarchy was divided among his descendants, although the exact time of the division is not known. There were now two Frankish groups: the Ripuarians, who occupied the banks of the Rhine and whose kings resided in Cologne, and the Salians who had established themselves in the Low Countries. The Salians did not form a single kingdom besides the Kingdom of Tournai there were kingdoms with centres at Cambrai and Tongres. Their sovereigns, both Salian and Ripuarian, belonged to the Merovingian family and seem to have been descended from Clodion.

Clodius "the long haired" King of the Franks Born : Abt. 395 Westfalen, Germany Died : 451 Buried : Cambray, France Father Pharamond King of the Franks Mother Argotta Queen of the Franks Marriage - Basina Princess of Thuringia Children Abt. 415 - Merovee King of the Franks Ruled 428+451

Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinast໚ Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque ten໚ mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que hab໚ conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Clodio the Hairy ordered the Franks to wear their hair long, a symbol of rebellion against Rome. Up until that time the citizens of Gaul had been wearing their hair short, as a sign of servitude, in accordance with a decree from Caesar.

English Wikipedia claims that Chlodio's father was Theudemeres, not Pharamond. "The Pharamond legend appears to be a later concoction created in the 8th century."

born 392 or 395 or 410 died 446 or 447 or 448

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

Austrasien var ett frankiskt kungarike under merovingerna, från 500-talet till 700-talet. Det omfattande omrn på b sidor av mellersta Rhen, med huvudorterna Metz och Reims.

He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded: 1. MEROVIUS, b. 411 A.D. 2. Sigemerus, b. 413 A.D. and 3. ALBERO, b.417 A.D.. Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

Clodius “Long Hair”, King of the Franks, was born in 395 in Westphalia. He captured the town of Cambrai from the Romans. He married Basina and Adelbert was their son. Clodius died in 447.

CLODIO / CLODIAN VI (AD 426 till 447 / 8), kung av Saliska franker (Cambrai). Enligt legenden hans far var Pharamond (409-426), den första kungen av saliska frankerna efter avgång romarna från Gallien. Hans son Merovech (eftertrr kung av den Saliska franker), grundade den merovingiska dynastin. Kallad "Long Hair" eller "Hårig" på grund av längden på hans hår. Därefter merovingerna kallades "långhåriga Kings" och skära av en konungs hår representerade hans förlust av kunglig makt.

I historia, var Clodio förmodligen riktig. Han bodde i Thüringen territorium, och regerade samtidigt som den semi-legendariska kungar Theudemer och Richemer. Allt som är känt om hans regeringstid är att han tog staden Cambrai från romarna. Han eftertr󤷞s av sin semi-legendariska son Merovech. Även Merovech och Clodio betraktas som semi-legendariska, Merovech son, Childeric jag var mycket verklig och kan inte betraktas som fiktiva.

He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded: 1. MEROVIUS, b. 411 A.D. 2. Sigemerus, b. 413 A.D. and 3. ALBERO, b.417 A.D.. Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

Note: surnamed Crinitus or Long-Hair, because he made the Franks wear longbeards and long hair in opposition to the Romans and for a sign ofliberty for he invaded Gaul, and after he had been several timesrepulsed by the Roman General, he took Artois, Cambray, Tournay, etc.,as far as teh River Somme, residing at Amiens. Wife, Basina, a widow,dau. of Weldelphius, King of the Thuringians. (YFT, pp. 66-67). Death: 445 OR 447

His nickname (AKA, 'Long Haired') probably had some historical basis & started the custom followed by the later Kings of his dynasty of growing their hair to an inordinate length as a sign of their royal status. Took the town of Cambrai from the Romans.

Source: The book, 'Kings & Queens of Europe'

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Clodion el Cabelludo Rey de los francos salios

Retrato imaginario de Clodion en una medalla de bronce de 1720 Reinado Hacia 420 - 448 Fallecimiento 448 Sucesor Meroveo Dinast໚ Dinast໚ Merovingia

Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinast໚ Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque ten໚ mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que hab໚ conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo. -------------------- Efternamn : Förnamn : Klodvigs Strandparterna " King of Köln

Clodion is considered by some authors (1) the son and heir of Pharamond. According to Gregory of Tours, he lived in the castle of Dispargum, Thuringia. Chlodio's tribe renounced the suzerainty of Rome after 428 and broke across the Scheldt River, spreading southward into Gaul and occupying the region as far as the Somme. The Franks seized Tournai and Cambrai, but their defeat (c. 431) by the Roman military commander, magister utriusque militiae Flavius Ætius, at Helena (Hélesme), prevented further expansion. He made peace with Ætius and died c. 447/448.

Clodion reigned 428-448. The Salic Franks came from Dieburg in Hessen, the name Salic deriving from the river Saale (a tributary of the river Main). His territory was Tournai and corresponds generally to the later area of Hainaut. ("Ancestral Roots. - Supplement," F.L.Weis, 1952, p. 37)

Some sources list him as the son of Pharamond, King of the Franks and Argotta of Cimbri. However, modern scholars believe that he is a legendary rather than historical character. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharamond

Bloodline of Holy Grail: Messianic Descent of Kings of Bohemia --------------------

This Clovis was King of the Ripurian (or river-dwelling) Franks, who stayed mostly in the Rhineland, and should not be confused with the more distinguished King Clovis I, also our ancestor, who is usually considered the first King of France and who was King of the Salian (or sea-dwelling) Franks, a different (and more distinguished) branch of the Frankish tribe, responsible for the conquest of Roman Gaul.

Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aetius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains.

1. KING CLOVIS THE RIPARIAN OF COLOGNE of Cologne, Germany was born before 420, and died between 420 and 530. [902, 2307]

Frankish King of Cologne, living 420, kinsman of Clovis I.

2i.KING CHILDEBERT2 of Cologne, b. before 450, d. after 450.

Clovis I (c. 466 – 27 November 511) was the first King of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler. He succeeded his father Childeric I in 481[1] as King of the Salian Franks, one of the Frankish tribes who were then occupying the area west of the lower Rhine, with their centre around Tournai and Cambrai along the modern frontier between France and Belgium, in an area known as Toxandria. Clovis conquered the neighbouring Frankish tribes and established himself as sole king before his death.

He converted to Roman Catholicism, as opposed to the Arianism common among the Germanic peoples at the time, at the instigation of his wife, the Burgundian Clotilda, a Catholic. He was baptized in the Cathedral of Rheims, as most future French kings would be. This act was of immense importance in the subsequent history of France and Western Europe in general, for Clovis expanded his dominion over almost all of the old Roman province of Gaul (roughly modern France). He is considered the founder both of France (which his state closely resembled geographically at his death) and the Merovingian dynasty which ruled the Franks for the next two centuries.

In primary sources Clovis' name is spelled in a number of variants: The Frankish form Chlodovech was Latinised as Chlodovechus, from which came the Latin name Ludovicus, which evolved into the French name Louis.

The name features prominently in subsequent history: Three other Merovingian Kings have been called Clovis, while nine Carolingian rulers and thirteen other French kings and one Holy Roman Emperor have been called Louis.

Nearly every European language has developed its own spelling of his name. Louis (French), "Chlodwig" and Ludwig (German), Lodewijk (Dutch), Luis (Spanish), Luigi (Italian), and Lewis (English) are just six of the over 100 possible variations.

Scholars differ about the exact meaning of his (first)name. Most believe that Chlodovech is composed out of the Germanic roots Chlod- and -vech. Chlod- = (modern English) loud, with its oldest connotation praised. -vech = fighter (modern English). Compare in modern Dutch luid (hard sound or noise), luiden (verb - the oldest meaning is : to praise aloud) and vechten (verb - to fight). Chlodovech means praised fighter [2].

In 486, with the help of Ragnachar, Clovis defeated Syagrius, the last Roman official in northern Gaul, who ruled the area around Soissons in present-day Picardie.[3] This victory at Soissons extended Frankish rule to most of the area north of the Loire. After this, Clovis secured an alliance with the Ostrogoths through the marriage of his sister Audofleda to their king, Theodoric the Great. He followed this victory with another in 491 over a small group of Thuringians east of the Frankish territories. Later, with the help of the other Frankish sub-kings, he narrowly defeated the Alamanni in the Battle of Tolbiac. He had previously married the Christian Burgundian princess Clotilde (493), and, following his victory at Tolbiac (traditionally set in 496), he converted to her Trinitarian Catholic faith. This set Clovis apart from the other Germanic kings of his time, such as those of the Visigoths and the Vandals, who had converted from heathen beliefs to Arian Christianity.

The conversion of Clovis to Catholic Christianity, the religion of the majority of his subjects, strengthened the bonds between his Roman subjects, led by their Catholic bishops, and their Germanic conquerors. Nevertheless, Bernard Bachrach has argued that this conversion from his Frankish paganism alienated many of the other Frankish sub-kings and weakened his military position over the next few years. William Daly, in order more directly to assess Clovis' allegedly barbaric and pagan origins,[4] was obliged to ignore the bishop Saint Gregory of Tours and base his account on the scant earlier sources, a sixth-century "vita" of Saint Genevieve and letters to or concerning Clovis from bishops and Theodoric.

In the familiar literary convention called "interpretatio romana," Gregory of Tours gave the gods that Clovis abandoned the names of roughly equivalent Roman gods, such as Jupiter and Mercury.[5] Taken literally, such usage would suggest a strong affinity of early Frankish rulers for the prestige of Roman culture, which they may have embraced as allies and federates of the Empire during the previous century.[citation needed]

Though he fought a battle at Dijon in the year 500, Clovis did not successfully subdue the Burgundian kingdom. It appears that he somehow gained the support of the Arvernians in the following years, for they assisted him in his defeat of the Visigothic kingdom of Toulouse in the Battle of Vouillé (507) which eliminated Visigothic power in Gaul and confined the Visigoths to Hispania the battle added most of Aquitaine to Clovis' kingdom.[3] He then established Paris as his capital,[3] and established an abbey dedicated to Saints Peter and Paul on the south bank of the Seine. Later it was renamed Sainte-Geneviève Abbey, in honor of the patron saint of Paris.[6]

According to Gregory of Tours, following the Battle of Vouillé, the Byzantine Emperor Anastasius I, granted Clovis the title of consul. Since Clovis' name does not appear in the consular lists, it is likely he was granted a suffect consulship. Gregory also records Clovis' systematic campaigns following his victory in Vouillé to eliminate the other Frankish "reguli" or sub-kings. These included Sigobert the Lame and his son Chlodoric the Parricide Chararic, another king of the Salian Franks Ragnachar of Cambrai, his brother Ricchar, and their brother Rignomer of Le Mans.

Shortly before his death, Clovis called a synod of Gallic bishops to meet in Orlບns to reform the church and create a strong link between the Crown and the Catholic episcopate. This was the First Council of Orlບns.

Clovis I died in 511 and is interred in Saint Denis Basilica, Paris, where his father had been buried with the older Merovingian kings in Tournai. Upon his death his realm was divided among his four sons: Theuderic, Chlodomer, Childebert, and Clotaire. This partitioning created the new political units of the Kingdoms of Rheims, Orlບns, Paris and Soissons and inaugurated a period of disunity which was to last, with brief interruptions, until the end (751) of his Merovingian dynasty.

The legacy of Clovis is well-established on three heads: his unification of the Frankish nation, his conquest of Gaul, and his conversion to the Roman Catholic Faith. By the first act, he assured the influence of his people in wider affairs, something no petty regional king could accomplish. By the second act, he laid the foundations of a later nation-state: France. Finally, by the third act, he made himself the ally of the papacy and its protector as well as that of the people, who were mostly Catholics.

Detracting, perhaps, from these acts of more than just national importance, his division of the state, not along national or even largely geographical lines, but primarily to assure equal income amongst his sons on his death, which may or may not have been his intention, was the cause of much internal discord in Gaul and contributed in the long run to the fall of his dynasty, for it was a pattern constantly repeated.[7] Clovis did bequeath to his heirs the support of both people and church such that, when finally the magnates were ready to do away with the royal house, the sanction of the pope was sought first.

Clovis 'the Riparian,' Frankish King of Cologne living in 420.

Source: 'Royalty for Commoners', Roderick W. Stuart, 1993, p 128. 'Pedigrees of Some of the Emperor Charlemagne's Descendants', Langston & Buck, 1986, p cv.

Köln blev en stad i 50 e.Kr. , hade en biskop så tidigt som 313 , och i 785 , blev säte för en ärkebiskop . Ärkebiskopen av Colognewas en av de sju väljarna i det Heliga Romerska Riket . Han regerade alarge omr som en sekulär herre på medeltiden , men i 1288 han wasdefeated i Köln medborgare och tvingades flytta till Bonn. Colognewas en medlem av Hansan , men blev en fri cityofficially bara 1475 .

Köln förlorat sin status, och återfått sin ärkestiftet duringthe franska perioden , och i 1815 , på kongressen i Wien madepart av kungariket Preussen. Köln blev en industristad , ochmekanismen katedralen inleddes 1248 , men avskaffades i mitten av 1500-talet , waseventually färdig 1880 .

I 39 f.Kr. , gick in i stammen Ubii avtal med theRoman styrkor och avvecklas på vänstra stranden av Rhen . Theirheadquarters var Oppidum Ubiorum - lösning av Ubii och atthe samtidigt en viktig romersk militärbas. I 50 AD, Agrippinathe yngre, hustru till kejsar Claudius , som f󶷞s i Köln, bad om hennes hemby som upphöjts till status som colonia - en stad i den romerska rätten . Den kallades Colonia Claudia AraAgrippinensis ( en " koloni av Claudius och altare Agrippina "), orColonia Agrippina , " kolonin Agrippina . " I 80 e.Kr. vatten supplywas byggdes, Eifel- akvedukten , en av de längsta akvedukter av theRoman Empire , som levererade 20.000 kubikmeter vatten till cityevery dag. Tio år senare blev Colonia huvudstad theRoman Niederösterreich i Tyskland Germania Inferior med en totalpopulation av 45.000 personer.

I 260 Postumus gjort Köln huvudstad av det Galliska riket whichincluded de tyska och galliska provinserna , Britannia och provincesof Hispania . Det Galliska riket varade bara tjugo år.

Vid 3: e århundradet , bara 20.000 människor levde i och omkring staden .. I 310 e.Kr. hade kejsar Konstantin en bro över Rhineconstructed , detta var bevakad av Castellum Divitia (numera " Deutz ").

Clovis den 1 . aka Chlod'wig , Chlo'do - wech F omkring 466 . Kung ofthe Saliska franker , och en av de tidigaste härskarna av Merovingiandynasty av frankerna från 481 till 511 . King of strandparterna frankerna ( strandparterna - bor vid floden bank = Ripa ) Han gifte sig PrincessClotilda , DTR av Chilperik , och brorsdotter till Gundobad . Hon var aBurgundian kristen och konverterade Clovis på deras äktenskap i 496.Baptized av Remy , biskop i Reims . Clovis störtade Gallo- Romancolony styrs av Syagrius , nära SOISSON i 486 . Alemannerna ( Alamanni ) korsade Rhen och anföll frankerna som leddes av Clovis.Clovis och hans armé besegrade Alamanni på Tolbiacum ( Zulpich ), nearthe Rhen i 496 . (Nära Strasbourg ) - alemannerna hade slagit theAlsace -Lorraine omr 443) är övertygade om att hans böner till theChristian Gud hade besvarats och hjälpte honom besegra fienden , Clovis då var döpt , tillsammans med flera tusen hisfollowers och så kristendomen kom till den hedniska rike theFranks . Clovis besegrade västgötar i 507 . Visigoterna aredefeated i slaget vid Campus Vogladensis . Alarik II d�s och Clovis annekterade VÄSTGOT rike Toulouse. Den Visigothsremained kontroll över den iberiska halvön. Clovis jag etablerat hiscapital på Lutetia (som blev Paris). Clovis inrättade " strandparterna Rätt "system , markägarnas rättigheter som bodde på b sidesof en flod eller b์k , är lika med dem som äger eller levde furtherup mot källan till ån . Försökte förena alla frankerna intoone riket , men misslyckades. Divided hans rike mellan hans fyra söner justbefore han dog 511 . Han var 45 år . Hans söner var Theoderik , Chlodomer , Childebert , och Lothar , som delar upp det frankiska riket , och regera från huvudstrna i Metz , Orleans , Paris och Soissons.Theodoric i Metz Chlodomer vid Orleans Childebert i Lutetia (Paris) Lothar vid Soissons .

Hij is ook bekend onder diverse varianten als Clodio, Cloio, Chlogio was. Zijn vader zou Pharamond zijn, die naam komt echter alleen voor in bronnen van geruime tijd na zijn dood, en is daarom mogelijk niet historisch. Er wordt vermoed dat hij oorspronkelijk uit Thuringen kwam - zijn machtsbasis was Dispargum in terminum Thuringorum (Dispargum aan de grens van Thuringen) er is echter ook een theorie dat 'Thuringorum' een schrijffout voor 'Tungrorum' (Tongeren) is.

Rond 448 wordt hij verslagen nabij Artesië desondanks wordt vermoed dat hij regeerde over het gebied van het huidige België tot aan de Somme. Hij werd opgevolgd door Merovech, vermoedelijk zijn zoon.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Clodio

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

Chlodio ist der erste namentlich fassbare König der Salfranken. Er regierte im zweiten Viertel des 5. Jahrhunderts.

Seinen Hauptsitz hatte Chlodio in Dispargum (möglicherweise Duysburg östlich von Brüssel[1] oder Duisburg[2]). Nach einer Angabe des Geschichtsschreibers Gregor von Tours war er verwandt mit dem König Merowech, dem Großvater Chlodwigs I. nach der Fredegar-Chronik war Chlodio der Vater Merowechs, was aber zweifelhaft ist. Zwischen 440 und 450 erlitt er gegen den weströmischen Heermeister Flavius Aëtius im Gebiet von Arras eine Niederlage durch einen �rraschungsangriff der Römer der römische Erfolg wird von dem Dichter Sidonius Apollinaris berichtet. Dieser R࿌kschlag änderte jedoch an der fränkischen Landnahme nichts. Die Franken wurden von den Römern als Foederaten anerkannt. Sie besetzten mit Cambrai und Arras das Land bis zur Somme. Gregor von Tours lobt Chlodio als einen König, der t࿌htig und unter seinem Volk sehr vornehm gewesen sei.[3]

𠈪LIA: "Long /Haired"/ •Title: King of the Franks 𠈫irth: ABT 395 in Westphalia, Germany �th: 450 1 2 𠈫urial: UNKNOWN Cambray

Father: Pharamond b: ABT 370 in Westphalia, Germany Mother: Argotta b: ABT 376 in Kingdom of the East Franks

Marriage 1 Basina Of Thuringia b: BEF 398 in Thuringia, Germany •Married: in France Children 1. Adalbertus 2. Merovaeus b: ABT 415 in Gaul (France) 3. Sigimerus I Of Auvergne b: ABT 429 in Westphalia, Germany

Clodion reigned 428-448. The Salic Franks came from Dieburg in Hessen, the name Salic deriving from the river Saale (a tributary of the river Main). His territory was Tournai and corresponds generally to the later area of Hainaut. ("Ancestral Roots. - Supplement," F.L.Weis, 1952, p. 37)

Chlodio (395-448) was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty . He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum . From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul , where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River . In 448 , 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius , the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul. Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech , after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond . The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris .

Cl༽io (◊ c. 392 † 447 ou 449) (Chlodio, Chlodion, Clodion, Clodius, Chlogio, Clodian), Cabelos Longos ou O Cabeludo, foi um rei semi-lendário dos francos salianos da dinastia merovíngia (426 - 447). Seu sucessor foi Meroveu, de quem a dinastia herdou o nome. A parte lendária diz que seu pai foi o duque Faramundo e sua m฾ Argotta, da Turíngia. Seu avô deve ter sido Marcomer, um duque dos francos.

Há basicamente apenas duas fontes de informação sobre Cl༽io: os escritos de Gregório de Tours e Sidônio Apolinário.

Cl༽io viveu em Dispargum, nome que se acredita ser de um castelo, ou uma vila. Por volta de 431, ele invadiu o território de Artois, mas foi derrotado próximo a Hesdin por Aຜio, comandante do exército romano na Gália. No entanto, Cl༽io reagrupou seu exército e em pouco tempo foi capaz de tomar a cidade de Cameracum. Finalmente, ele ocupou toda a região até o rio Somme e fez de Tournai a capital dos francos salianos.

A agressividade de Cl༽io em conquistar mais territórios levou a sຜulos de expansão por seus sucessores que no final das contas criaram o que hoje conhecemos como Fran๺. Cl༽io morreu em algum momento entre 447 e 449 e o poder foi passado a Meroveu. Não se sabe se Meroveu era seu filho ou outro chefe tribal que ascendeu à posição de lideran๺.

Chef des Francs Saliens (428-448)

Roi de Thérouanne et de Cambrai

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris. -------------------- http://wc.rootsweb.ancestry.com/cgi-bin/igm.cgi?op=GET&db=jloops&id.

ID: I751 Name: Clodius "Long Hair" King Of Franks Given Name: Clodius "Long Hair" Suffix: King Of Franks Sex: M Birth: ABT 0395 in Westphalia,Germany Death: 0447 _UID: E3CC7A7D52A5F84AAA6D46487D020D82924F Change Date: 27 Dec 2007 at 03:00:00

Father: Pharamond King Of Franks b: ABT 0370 in Westphalia,Germany Mother: Argotta b: ABT 0376 in France

Marriage 1 Basina Of Thuringia b: 0398 in Thuringia,Germany

Has Children Merovech King Of Franks b: ABT 0415 in France Has Children Sigimaerus Bishop Of Auvergne b: 0419 in Westphalia,Germany

Clodion dit le Chevelu (vers 395 - 448) était chef des Francs saliens et premier roi de la dynastie des Mérovingiens au dປut du Ve siຌle.

En 428, Clodion apprend que les villes de la Belgique Seconde, sont sans dnse. En effet, le général romain Aetius a prélevé beaucoup de soldats de ces territoires pour combattre ses ennemis les Wisigoths. Surprises, les troupes romaines qui gardaient les passages, sont dites, Clodion bat facilement les garnisons restantes et s'empare de Tournai, emporte Cambrai du premier assaut et rຝuit tout le pays des environs jusqu'à la Somme. En fait, plus que des pillages faciles, il cherche à conférer à son autorité de roi guerrier une assise territoriale, qu'il veut voir s'étendre, sur le riche territoire entre le Rhin, la Somme, la Meuse et la mer du Nord.

En 431, Clodion qui célປrait les noces d'un grand seigneur de son armພ près du bourg d'Helena — sans doute près d'Arras — est attaqué par le général Aetius et son lieutenant Majorien. Le général voulait reprendre les territoires annexés par les Francs. Clodion, qui n'était pas préparé à l'affrontement, est contraint de fuir et perd tout ce qu'il avait conquis sur l'Empire romain en deçà du Rhin. Cependant, conscient qu'il n'avait pas les moyens militaires pour occuper à nouveau le territoire, Aetius prຟère négocier la paix et conclut avec Clodion un traité (fᔽus) qui fait des Francs, des « fຝérés » combattant pour Rome, et les autorisait à s'installer dans l'Empire, en l'occurrence près du fisc impérial de Tournai. Il s'agit là des origines du futur royaume franc de Clovis Ier.

Après vingt ans de règne, Clodion meurt vers l'an 448. On ne sait ni le nom de sa reine, ni le nombre de ses enfants. Il serait le père de Mérovພ.

Il existe une légende sur Clodion ou plus exactement sur Mérovພ. Grégoire de Tours n'a pas voulu la reprendre car elle était trop pa໾nne. Mais Frຝégaire, chroniqueur de VIIe siຌle, moins regardant, nous la donne.

La voici résumພ par Godefroid Kurth : « Un jour que la reine, femme de Clodion, se baignait dans la mer, un dieu s'unit à elle, et de cette union naquit Mérovພ, le héros éponyme de la dynastie franque. » Le dieu en question est une "Bistea Neptuni", un Quinotaure, un dieu fluvial cornu. Cette fable semble très ancienne, elle nous dit ce que Grégoire de Tours ne nous dit pas : Mérovພ avait pour mère la femme de Clodion.

Selon l'auteur du Liber Historiae Francorum le père de Clodion le Chevelu serait Pharamond, qui lui même serait le fils de Marcomir. Cette génບlogie, ຜrite plus de 330 ans après les faits, est reconnue par les historiens contemporains comme fabuleuse.

Des génບlogistes des XXe siຌle et XXIe siຌle lui ont inventés de toute pi une famille (Blésinde, Inbergide, Argotta, Clénus, Hildegonde, Clodeswinthe, Chodebaud, Alberic, Adalbert. ). Ces personnages sont des Faux Mérovingiens et n'ont aucune valeur historique.

His father is not certain:

Chronicle of Fredegar (7th century) says his father was Theudemeres, one of the leaders of the Salian Franks and king of Thérouanne (409�). Liber Historiae Francorum (8th century) says his father was Pharamond, perhaps a legendary figure. Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

VERSIONS OF HIS NAME: - Chlodis Fow [wYoung] - Clodio [Jordan1929] - Clodion [Gardner1996] [O'Hart1923] [wDKBingham] [wPhilip5] - Clodius [Jordan1929] [wCharlemagne] - Clodius Crinitus [Jordan1929] - OTHER RELATIONSHIPS: - His father was supposedly Pharamond king of the Franks [374A-430A]. - His mother was supposedly Argotta of the Salic Franks [374A-429A]. - Basina of the Thuringians [390A-450A] was supposedly his spouse/partner. - Alberic lord of the Moselle [424A-491A] was supposedly his child. - TITLES: - "the Hairy" - king of the Franks - chef des Francs - HIS LIFE: - Invaded Gaul, repulsed by Aetius - SOURCES: - O'Hart1923 "The Lineal Descent of King Philip V., of Spain":p#42-3 - Gardner1996 - Jordan1929 - wDKBingham - wDonW - wEnf-Bry - wJMorin - wPhilip5 - wRJones - wYoung - wCharlemagne - PKD RUO-5390Cl47a 2001De02 Copyright (c) 2009 Paul K Davis [[email protected]] Fremont CA Marriage 1 Spouse Unknown Children

-1. Merovech Franks,king-of-the -2. Sigimerus Auvergne,bishop-of , I b: abt 0419A -3. Adelbert - This family was known as the Merovingians, from the name of one of its members, to whom national tradition had ascribed a sea-god as ancestor.

Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aëtius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains. Childeric, son of Merovaeus, also served the empire under Count Aegidius and subsequently under Count Paul, whom he assisted in repelling the Saxons from Angers. Childeric died at Tournai, his capital, where his tomb was found in 1653 (Cochet, Le tombeau de Childéric, Paris, 1859). But Childeric did not transmit to his son Clovis, who succeeded him in 481, the entire inheritance left by Clodion. The latter seems to have reigned over all the Cis-Rhenish Franks, and the monarchy was divided among his descendants, although the exact time of the division is not known. There were now two Frankish groups: the Ripuarians, who occupied the banks of the Rhine and whose kings resided in Cologne, and the Salians who had established themselves in the Low Countries. The Salians did not form a single kingdom besides the Kingdom of Tournai there were kingdoms with centres at Cambrai and Tongres. Their sovereigns, both Salian and Ripuarian, belonged to the Merovingian family and seem to have been descended from Clodion.

Clodius "the long haired" King of the Franks Born : Abt. 395 Westfalen, Germany Died : 451 Buried : Cambray, France Father Pharamond King of the Franks Mother Argotta Queen of the Franks Marriage - Basina Princess of Thuringia Children Abt. 415 - Merovee King of the Franks Ruled 428+451

Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinast໚ Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque ten໚ mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que hab໚ conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 he extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began Chlodio was defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Clodio the Hairy ordered the Franks to wear their hair long, a symbol of rebellion against Rome. Up until that time the citizens of Gaul had been wearing their hair short, as a sign of servitude, in accordance with a decree from Caesar.

English Wikipedia claims that Chlodio's father was Theudemeres, not Pharamond. "The Pharamond legend appears to be a later concoction created in the 8th century."

born 392 or 395 or 410 died 446 or 447 or 448

Chlodio was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as a Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire.

Chlodio (395-448) [1] was a king of the Salian Franks from the Merovingian dynasty. He was known as the Long-Haired King and lived at a place on the Thuringian border called Dispargum. From there he invaded the Roman Empire in 428 and settled in Northern Gaul, where already other groups of Salians were settled. Although he was attacked by the Romans he was able to maintain his position and 3 years later in 431 extended his kingdom down south to the Somme River. In 448, 20 years after his reign began, Chlodio was finally defeated at an unidentified place called Vicus Helena by Flavius Aëtius, the commander of the Roman Army in Gaul.

Like all Merovingian kings Chlodio had long hair as a ritual custom. His successor may have been Merovech, after whom the dynasty was named 'Merovingian'. One legend has it that his father was Pharamond. The sources on Chlodio's history are Gregory of Tours and Sidonius Apollinaris.

Austrasien var ett frankiskt kungarike under merovingerna, från 500-talet till 700-talet. Det omfattande omrn på b sidor av mellersta Rhen, med huvudorterna Metz och Reims.

He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded: 1. MEROVIUS, b. 411 A.D. 2. Sigemerus, b. 413 A.D. and 3. ALBERO, b.417 A.D.. Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

Clodius “Long Hair”, King of the Franks, was born in 395 in Westphalia. He captured the town of Cambrai from the Romans. He married Basina and Adelbert was their son. Clodius died in 447.

CLODIO / CLODIAN VI (AD 426 till 447 / 8), kung av Saliska franker (Cambrai). Enligt legenden hans far var Pharamond (409-426), den första kungen av saliska frankerna efter avgång romarna från Gallien. Hans son Merovech (eftertrr kung av den Saliska franker), grundade den merovingiska dynastin. Kallad "Long Hair" eller "Hårig" på grund av längden på hans hår. Därefter merovingerna kallades "långhåriga Kings" och skära av en konungs hår representerade hans förlust av kunglig makt.

I historia, var Clodio förmodligen riktig. Han bodde i Thüringen territorium, och regerade samtidigt som den semi-legendariska kungar Theudemer och Richemer. Allt som är känt om hans regeringstid är att han tog staden Cambrai från romarna. Han eftertr󤷞s av sin semi-legendariska son Merovech. Även Merovech och Clodio betraktas som semi-legendariska, Merovech son, Childeric jag var mycket verklig och kan inte betraktas som fiktiva.

He became king of the Salian Franks, 426 After Clodius, all the Merovingian kings had long hair, and their royal power was thought to be connected to the length of their hair. They are often referred to as the "Long-Haired Kings".

Clodio married ca. 410 A.D. to Princess Basina, daughter of Widelphrus, King of the Thuringians (a state in Germany near Bavaria). Of this marriage there were three sons recorded: 1. MEROVIUS, b. 411 A.D. 2. Sigemerus, b. 413 A.D. and 3. ALBERO, b.417 A.D.. Merovius succeeded his father as King of the Franks. Albero became Duke of Moselle, and the ancestor of the Carolingian kings of France, the Duke of Bavaria and the Kings of Lorraine (see Carolingian line).

Note: surnamed Crinitus or Long-Hair, because he made the Franks wear longbeards and long hair in opposition to the Romans and for a sign ofliberty for he invaded Gaul, and after he had been several timesrepulsed by the Roman General, he took Artois, Cambray, Tournay, etc.,as far as teh River Somme, residing at Amiens. Wife, Basina, a widow,dau. of Weldelphius, King of the Thuringians. (YFT, pp. 66-67). Death: 445 OR 447

His nickname (AKA, 'Long Haired') probably had some historical basis & started the custom followed by the later Kings of his dynasty of growing their hair to an inordinate length as a sign of their royal status. Took the town of Cambrai from the Romans.

Source: The book, 'Kings & Queens of Europe'

De Wikipedia, la enciclopedia libre Saltar a navegación, búsqueda Clodion el Cabelludo Rey de los francos salios

Retrato imaginario de Clodion en una medalla de bronce de 1720 Reinado Hacia 420 - 448 Fallecimiento 448 Sucesor Meroveo Dinast໚ Dinast໚ Merovingia

Clodion el Cabelludo ( ? - 448), fue jefe de los francos salios, segundo Rey de la Dinast໚ Merovingia.

Tal vez hijo de Faramundo y hermano de Clénus, fue apodado "el Cabelludo", porque ten໚ mucho pelo o porque llevaba el pelo más largo que el de sus predecesores.

Comenzaba a reinar cuando el general romano Aecio lo atacó al frente de un gran ejército. Lo derrotó y lo desposeyó de todas sus propiedades en la Galia. Clodion para vengarse de los romanos, cayó sobre la Turingia y se dedicó al pillaje, sorprendiendo un castillo denominado Disparg. Aecio marchó de nuevo contra él y después de volver a vencerlo instauran la paz. Esta paz duró poco, ya que viendo Clodion que todas las villas de la fecunda Bélgica estaban sin defensa, conquistó el país hasta la proximidad del Somme. Pero no pudo conservar esta conquista, sorprendiéndolo Aecio cuando estaba celebrando la boda de un gran señor de su ejército. Perdió todo lo que hab໚ conquistado a este lado del Rhin. Después de veinte años de reinado muere hacia el año 448, según algunos, debido al dolor por la muerte de su primogénito, muerto durante el asedio de Soissons. Se desconoce el nombre de la reina y el número de sus hijos.

Le sucede en el trono Meroveo, posiblemente su hijo. -------------------- Efternamn : Förnamn : Klodvigs Strandparterna " King of Köln

Clodion is considered by some authors (1) the son and heir of Pharamond. According to Gregory of Tours, he lived in the castle of Dispargum, Thuringia. Chlodio's tribe renounced the suzerainty of Rome after 428 and broke across the Scheldt River, spreading southward into Gaul and occupying the region as far as the Somme. The Franks seized Tournai and Cambrai, but their defeat (c. 431) by the Roman military commander, magister utriusque militiae Flavius Ætius, at Helena (Hélesme), prevented further expansion. He made peace with Ætius and died c. 447/448.

Clodion reigned 428-448. The Salic Franks came from Dieburg in Hessen, the name Salic deriving from the river Saale (a tributary of the river Main). His territory was Tournai and corresponds generally to the later area of Hainaut. ("Ancestral Roots. - Supplement," F.L.Weis, 1952, p. 37)

Some sources list him as the son of Pharamond, King of the Franks and Argotta of Cimbri. However, modern scholars believe that he is a legendary rather than historical character. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Pharamond

Bloodline of Holy Grail: Messianic Descent of Kings of Bohemia --------------------

This Clovis was King of the Ripurian (or river-dwelling) Franks, who stayed mostly in the Rhineland, and should not be confused with the more distinguished King Clovis I, also our ancestor, who is usually considered the first King of France and who was King of the Salian (or sea-dwelling) Franks, a different (and more distinguished) branch of the Frankish tribe, responsible for the conquest of Roman Gaul.

Clodion, the first king of this dynasty known to history, began his series of conquests in Northern Gaul about the year 430. He penetrated as far as Artois, but was driven back by Aetius, who seems to have succeeded in keeping him on friendly terms with Rome. In fact, it seems that his son Merovaeus fought with the Romans against Attila on the Mauriac plains.

1. KING CLOVIS THE RIPARIAN OF COLOGNE of Cologne, Germany was born before 420, and died between 420 and 530. [902, 2307]

Frankish King of Cologne, living 420, kinsman of Clovis I.

2i.KING CHILDEBERT2 of Cologne, b. before 450, d. after 450.

Clovis I (c. 466 – 27 November 511) was the first King of the Franks to unite all the Frankish tribes under one ruler. He succeeded his father Childeric I in 481[1] as King of the Salian Franks, one of the Frankish tribes who were then occupying the area west of the lower Rhine, with their centre around Tournai and Cambrai along the modern frontier between France and Belgium, in an area known as Toxandria. Clovis conquered the neighbouring Frankish tribes and established himself as sole king before his death.

He converted to Roman Catholicism, as opposed to the Arianism common among the Germanic peoples at the time, at the instigation of his wife, the Burgundian Clotilda, a Catholic. He was baptized in the Cathedral of Rheims, as most future French kings would be. This act was of immense importance in the subsequent history of France and Western Europe in general, for Clovis expanded his dominion over almost all of the old Roman province of Gaul (roughly modern France). He is considered the founder both of France (which his state closely resembled geographically at his death) and the Merovingian dynasty which ruled the Franks for the next two centuries.

In primary sources Clovis' name is spelled in a number of variants: The Frankish form Chlodovech was Latinised as Chlodovechus, from which came the Latin name Ludovicus, which evolved into the French name Louis.

The name features prominently in subsequent history: Three other Merovingian Kings have been called Clovis, while nine Carolingian rulers and thirteen other French kings and one Holy Roman Emperor have been called Louis.

Nearly every European language has developed its own spelling of his name. Louis (French), "Chlodwig" and Ludwig (German), Lodewijk (Dutch), Luis (Spanish), Luigi (Italian), and Lewis (English) are just six of the over 100 possible variations.

Scholars differ about the exact meaning of his (first)name. Most believe that Chlodovech is composed out of the Germanic roots Chlod- and -vech. Chlod- = (modern English) loud, with its oldest connotation praised. -vech = fighter (modern English). Compare in modern Dutch luid (hard sound or noise), luiden (verb - the oldest meaning is : to praise aloud) and vechten (verb - to fight). Chlodovech means praised fighter [2].

In 486, with the help of Ragnachar, Clovis defeated Syagrius, the last Roman official in northern Gaul, who ruled the area around Soissons in present-day Picardie.[3] This victory at Soissons extended Frankish rule to most of the area north of the Loire. After this, Clovis secured an alliance with the Ostrogoths through the marriage of his sister Audofleda to their king, Theodoric the Great. He followed this victory with another in 491 over a small group of Thuringians east of the Frankish territories. Later, with the help of the other Frankish sub-kings, he narrowly defeated the Alamanni in the Battle of Tolbiac. He had previously married the Christian Burgundian princess Clotilde (493), and, following his victory at Tolbiac (traditionally set in 496), he converted to her Trinitarian Catholic faith. This set Clovis apart from the other Germanic kings of his time, such as those of the Visigoths and the Vandals, who had converted from heathen beliefs to Arian Christianity.

The conversion of Clovis to Catholic Christianity, the religion of the majority of his subjects, strengthened the bonds between his Roman subjects, led by their Catholic bishops, and their Germanic conquerors. Nevertheless, Bernard Bachrach has argued that this conversion from his Frankish paganism alienated many of the other Frankish sub-kings and weakened his military position over the next few years. William Daly, in order more directly to assess Clovis' allegedly barbaric and pagan origins,[4] was obliged to ignore the bishop Saint Gregory of Tours and base his account on the scant earlier sources, a sixth-century "vita" of Saint Genevieve and letters to or concerning Clovis from bishops and Theodoric.

In the familiar literary convention called "interpretatio romana," Gregory of Tours gave the gods that Clovis abandoned the names of roughly equivalent Roman gods, such as Jupiter and Mercury.[5] Taken literally, such usage would suggest a strong affinity of early Frankish rulers for the prestige of Roman culture, which they may have embraced as allies and federates of the Empire during the previous century.[citation needed]

Though he fought a battle at Dijon in the year 500, Clovis did not successfully subdue the Burgundian kingdom. It appears that he somehow gained the support of the Arvernians in the following years, for they assisted him in his defeat of the Visigothic kingdom of Toulouse in the Battle of Vouillé (507) which elim


  1. ^Brett, Caroline. "The Hare and the Tortoise? Vita Prima Sanctis Samsonis, Vita Paterni, and Merovingian Hagiography", St Samson of Dol and the Earliest History of Brittany, Cornwall and Wales, (Lynette Olson, ed.), Boydell & Brewer, 2017, p. 91ISBN�
  2. ^ abO'Boyle, Francis. "St. Omer." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 11. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 31 Dec. 2012
  3. ^
  4. Yaniv Fox (18 September 2014). Power and Religion in Merovingian Gaul: Columbanian Monasticism and the Formation of the Frankish Aristocracy. Cambridge University Press. pp.㺥–38, 128, 279. ISBN  978-1-107-06459-1 .
  5. ^"The Collegiate Church and St. Bertin Abbey", Ghent University Library
  •  This article incorporates text from a publication now in the public domain: 
  • Herbermann, Charles, ed. (1913). "St. Omer". Catholic Encyclopedia. New York: Robert Appleton Company.


Watch the video: Région de Saint Omer - Côte dOpale - Les 100 lieux quil faut voir - Documentaire (June 2022).