The story

Alexander, the Great


  • When Alexander was 13, his father commissioned one of the wisest men of his day, Aristotle, to educate him. Alexander learned rhetoric, politics, mathematics, the physical and natural sciences, medicine and geography, while being interested in Greek history and the work of authors such as Euripides and Pindar. He also distinguished himself in martial arts and horse taming, so that he soon dominated Bucéfalo, which would become his inseparable horse.
  • Alexander was an admirer of Homer's works, he loved the Iliad so much that he adopted Achilles as his example of life.
  • Despite the nickname given because of the greatness of his achievements, Alexander measured only 1.52m.
  • Alexander believed to be a descendant of Achilles, who in his day was worshiped as a god and one of the great characters of the battle at Troy. According to legend, Achilles was struck on the heel by an arrow fired by Helena's lover, Paris - also known as the name of Alexander.
  • At 16, Alexander was already in charge of the colonies when King Philip was traveling. At the same time, he founded his own colony, Alexandroupolis.
  • In the art of war he received lessons from his father, an experienced and courageous military man, who imparted his knowledge of strategy and gave him command skills. Alexander had an opportunity to demonstrate his worth at the age of eighteen, when, in command of a cavalry squad, he defeated the sacred battalion of Thebes at the Battle of Keroneia in 338 a. C. Alexander excels in this battle, commanding the Macedonian cavalry.
  • In the year 337 BC Philip II married a young woman named Cleopatra, nephew of Athalus, an important Macedonian nobleman. Olimpia was thus deprived and went into exile in Epirus with her son Alexander, who later came into conflict with his father. Only in 336 BC did Alexander reconcile with Philip II and return to Macedonia.
  • Alexander had a sister also named Cleopatra (356-308 BC), daughter of Olympias and King Philip.
  • Alexander's sister married Olympias's half brother, Alexander of Epirus. During the festivities, the father of the bride, King Philip, was murdered by Pausanias in 336 BC. The criminal was captured and killed immediately. It is suspected that the principal was the Persian king or, perhaps, for revenge on his wife Olympias. There is also a suspicion that Alexander knew the plan to eliminate his father.
  • Alexander's father's second wife was forced to commit suicide and his son with Philip was killed.
  • After the murder of his father, Alexander, at the age of 20, ascended the throne of Macedonia and set out to begin the territorial expansion of the kingdom. For such an arduous campaign he had a powerful and organized army, divided into infantry, whose main weapon was a 5.5-meter-long spear, war machines (such as catapults, battering rams, ballists) and the cavalry, which formed the basis of the attack. .