Geography

America in the world


The American continent accounts for about 8% of the total land area or 28.5% of the planet's emerged land.

It is bathed to the north by the Arctic glacial ocean; to the south by the Antarctic glacial ocean; to the east by the Atlantic Ocean; and to the west by the Pacific Ocean.

About 15,000 kilometers north-south, America is the second largest continent on the planet, completely located in the Western Hemisphere. The American continent has various climate types, natural landscapes and landforms that characterize it as a diverse continent.

A continent of diversity

The American continent has a wide territorial extension in the North-South direction. This particularity, combined with the relief, shape and layout of the continental and island portions, provides the continent with a rich diversity of geographical landscapes, as the continent is subjected to the action of air masses and sea currents.

For this reason, it is possible to find on the continent a wide variety of biomes, such as forests, tropical and temperate, desert formations, tundra, taiga and steppes, among others. Due to physical characteristics, the American continent can be divided into South and North America, territorial portions corresponding to the two major continental areas, and Central America, consisting of a narrow strip of land (isthmus) and several islands ( Caribbean).

North America consists of Canada, the United States, and Mexico. In the narrow strip of land in Central America are countries with small territorial areas such as Costa Rica, Belize, Honduras, Panama, El Salvador, Guatemala, and Nicaragua. In the island portion of the continent, a region widely explored by tourism, are Cuba, Haiti, Dominican Republic, Bahamas, Jamaica, etc.

Most of the land in South America is south of the Ecuador line. The largest territorial country in South America is Brazil, occupying 47% of its land.