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Plants & Techniques
Tobacco and plant incense (copalli) were present in their practices. Their ticitl (witch doctors) in the name of the Gods performed healing rites with plants containing psychedelic substances (Lophophora willamsii or peyote; Mexican Psylocybe, Stropharia cubensis - mushrooms with psilocybin; Ipomoea violacea and Coribous rivea - oololiuhqui) that teach the cause of disease, show the presence of tonal (tonalli), and sufferings inflicted on the double animal or nagual (naualli) cases of bewitching or punishment of the gods.
Among the most well-known remedies was dieting corn-based diets, passionflower (quanenepilli), turkey balm, jalapa root, sarsaparilla (iztacpatli / psoralea) the valerian among hundreds of others recorded in written codices of which fragments remain.
- Itzcoatl (1427-1439)
- Montezuma I (1440-1468)
- Axayacatl (1469-1485)
- Ahuizotl (1486-1502)
- Montezuma II (1503-1520)
- Cuauhtémoc (1520-1521)
The origin of the system is not clear, but it is thought to derive from Zapotec Writing.
Aztec writing was not written in any particular way, and glyphs were not written linearly, but ideographically arranged to represent a larger scene or composition. At the bottom of the figure would be the ground, and at the top the sky. The picture was not to be read, but "deciphered". There are no rules or glyphs: each scribe created his own representations of the ideas he wished to convey.