Most of the paintings have disappeared and can only be seen in some preserved vases.
The music was performed by a single wind or stringed instrument, the favorites being the lyre, the zither and the class, a type of flute. Singing was much appreciated, so many poems were written in song form for accompaniment with lyre.
Greek culture has bequeathed to mankind fascinating works of art and a set of ideas that to this day influence the thinking of philosophers, scholars and scientists.
Greek Vase, 500-490 BC, Louvre, Paris.
Detail of a greek vase.
Greek ensemble playing harp, zither and lyre
The religion in Greece
The Greeks were polytheistic, that is, they believed in various gods, as were most of the peoples of antiquity. But unlike other peoples, they had a great intimacy with their gods because they believed they were in the service of the people.
The Greek gods had human characteristics, defects and qualities, weaknesses and passions. The difference between them and humans is that the gods were immortal.
The Greeks believed in the existence of 12 great deities, (link with Greek mythology) who gather on their thrones on top of Mount Olympus, where they lived. The father of all gods was Zeus, married to Hera. Apollo was the sun god and protector of the arts, Ares was the war god, Poseidon, of the sea. Aphrodite was the goddess of love, and Pallas Athena of wisdom, among others.
Generally, these gods and goddesses were associated with natural phenomena. Zeus's weapon, for example, was lightning - the storms would be the effect of his anger. In turn, earthquakes, which were common in Greece, were explained by Poseidon's moodiness, which beat his trident with the seabed.